Sensitivity of fungi from cereal roots to fluquinconazole and their suppressiveness towards take-all on plants with or without fluquinconazole seed treatment in a controlled environment

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Dawson, W. A. J. M. and Bateman, G. L. 2000. Sensitivity of fungi from cereal roots to fluquinconazole and their suppressiveness towards take-all on plants with or without fluquinconazole seed treatment in a controlled environment. Plant Pathology. 49 (4), pp. 477-486.

AuthorsDawson, W. A. J. M. and Bateman, G. L.
Abstract

The take-all fungus, Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici, was highly sensitive to fluquinconazole (in-vitro EC50 0.016-0.018 mg L-1), a fungicide developed for use as a seed treatment to control take-all, and to prochloraz (EC50 0.006 mg L-1). Fungi of other genera that were commonly isolated from cereal roots were sensitive in varying degrees to prochloraz but were relatively insensitive (e.g. Fusarium culmorum, EC50 > 20 mg L-1) or slightly sensitive (e.g. Epicoccum purpurascens, EC50 0.514 mg L-1) to fluquinconazole. Gaeumannomyces graminis var. graminis and G. cylindrosporus, weak parasites that can protect roots against take-all, and an unnamed Phialophora sp., all closely related to the take-all fungus, were highly or moderately sensitive to fluquinconazole. Alternaria infectoria and E. purpurascens were most consistently effective in suppressing development of take-all on pot-grown wheat plants dual-inoculated with G. graminis var. tritici and the nonpathogen. Take-all was decreased more on dual-inoculated wheat plants grown from seed treated with fluquinconazole or fluquinconazole plus prochloraz than when only an antagonistic fungus (A. infectoria, E. purpurascens, Fusarium culmorum or Idriella bolleyi) or a seed treatment was applied. These fungi were less effective in combination with seed treatments on barley. Gaeumannomyces graminis var. graminis and G. cylindrosporus, tested on wheat, suppressed take-all only in the absence of fungicides. It is suggested that the performance of seed treatment containing fluquinconazole against take-all may in some circumstances be enhanced by its partial specificity for the take-all fungus.

KeywordsAgronomy; Plant Sciences
Year of Publication2000
JournalPlant Pathology
Journal citation49 (4), pp. 477-486
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1046/j.1365-3059.2000.00479.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code308
423
ISSN00320862
PublisherWiley

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