A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Marshall, R. and Moss, S. R. 2008. Characterisation and molecular basis of ALS inhibitor resistance in the grass weed Alopecurus myosuroides. Weed Research. 48 (5), pp. 439-447.
|Authors||Marshall, R. and Moss, S. R.|
Several UK populations of the grass weed Alopecurus myosuroides were identified where high proportions of individuals showed resistance to the acetolactate synthase (ALS)-inhibiting herbicides, mesosulfuron-methyl + iodosulfuron-methyl sodium mixture and sulfometuron-methyl. Screening with sulfometuron, followed by DNA sequencing of the ALS gene from resistant and susceptible individuals, led to the identification of eight populations where a single point mutation segregated with resistance to sulfometuron. All highly resistant individuals from seven of eight populations showed a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the first position of the Pro197 codon of an A. myosuroides ALS gene, conferring a predicted proline to threonine target-site change. One population showed resistant individuals with single-nucleotide polymorphism in the second position of the Trp574 codon, conferring a predicted tryptophan to leucine substitution. No other mutations segregating with resistance were found. Enzyme assays confirmed that resistance was due to an altered form of ALS enzyme, which was less susceptible to inhibition by sulfonylureas, making this one of the first fully characterised cases of ALS target-site resistance in a European grass weed. Increased information regarding the nature and distribution of ALS target-site mutation may help support sustainable management strategies, allowing continued use of mesosulfuron + iodosulfuron against this weed in the UK.
|Keywords||Agronomy; Plant Sciences|
|Year of Publication||2008|
|Journal citation||48 (5), pp. 439-447|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1111/j.1365-3180.2008.00654.x|
|Open access||Published as non-open access|
|Funder||Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council|
|Funder project or code||Centre for Sustainable Pest and Disease Management (PDM)|
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