Identification and transmission of Piper yellow mottle virus and Cucumber mosaic virus infecting black pepper (Piper nigrum ) in Sri Lanka

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

De Silva, D. P. P., Jones, P. and Shaw, M. W. 2002. Identification and transmission of Piper yellow mottle virus and Cucumber mosaic virus infecting black pepper (Piper nigrum ) in Sri Lanka. Plant Pathology. 51 (5), pp. 537-545. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.0032-0862.2002.00757.x

AuthorsDe Silva, D. P. P., Jones, P. and Shaw, M. W.
Abstract

Sri Lankan black pepper with symptoms of yellow mottle disease contained a mixture of viruses: Piper yellow mottle virus (PYMV) particles (30 x 130 nm), Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV, 30 nm diameter isometric particles), and unidentified, isometric virus-like particles (30 nm diameter). An effective purification procedure is described for PYMV. Immunosorbent and conventional electron microscopy successfully detected badnavirus particles only when at least partially purified extracts were used. PYMV was confirmed as the cause of the disease, with the other two viruses apparently playing no part in producing symptoms. PYMV was transmitted by grafting, by the insect vectors citrus mealy bug (Planococcus citri) and black pepper lace bug (Diconocoris distanti), but not by mechanical inoculation or through seeds. The CMV isolate was transmitted to indicator plants by mechanical inoculation and by the vector Aphis gossypii , but not by Myzus persicae ; but neither mechanical nor insect transmission of CMV to black pepper was successful. A sensitive polymerase chain reaction assay was developed to detect PYMV in black pepper.

KeywordsAgronomy; Plant Sciences
Year of Publication2002
JournalPlant Pathology
Journal citation51 (5), pp. 537-545
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1046/j.0032-0862.2002.00757.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code423
507
ISSN00320862
PublisherWiley

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