The white potato cyst nematode (Globodera pallida ) - a critical analysis of the threat in Britain

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Trudgill, D. L., Elliott, M., Evans, K. and Phillips, M. S. 2003. The white potato cyst nematode (Globodera pallida ) - a critical analysis of the threat in Britain. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 143 (1), pp. 73-80.

AuthorsTrudgill, D. L., Elliott, M., Evans, K. and Phillips, M. S.

Over the last 30 years, there has been an epidemic of the white potato cyst nematode (wPCN, Globodera pallida). It has progressively replaced the yellow species (yPCN, G rostochiensis) throughout most of England and Wales and is now a widespread problem. As damaging populations of wPCN are enormous (> 10(9) eggs ha(-1)), several crops of potato cultivars resistant only to yPCN were required to produce this change. The threat it poses is reflected in an increase in the numbers of soil samples being tested and in nematicide use, which has increased to > 25 000 ha of potatoes being treated annually. Computer modelling shows that current management of wPCN is mostly ineffective and populations will continue to increase. The multiplication rate of wPCN is inversely related to its population density at planting and, because of this, modelling shows that sufficient eggs are likely to survive to enable large populations of wPCN to "rebound" following nematicide treatment. This is supported by recent trial results showing that wPCN population increase was almost as great in nematicides-treated plots as in the untreated. Modelling also showed that current rotations (typically potatoes once every 5 or 6 years) are too short to prevent wPCN populations from progressively increasing, even when used in conjunction with a nematicide. Similarly, except with avirulent populations, the partially resistant cultivars currently available will not prevent wPCN from increasing. However, as the effectiveness of partially resistant cultivars is independent of population density, they can be very effective when integrated with a nematicide. Unfortunately, only c. 8% of the potato area is planted with partially resistant cultivars, and much of that is in land not known to be infested with wPCN. Consequently, the current epidemic of wPCN is likely to become progressively more serious. However, many farmers are failing to recognise and respond to this threat until it is too late because of the slow rate of increase of wPCN, the difficulties of detecting small populations and the costs of nematicides. To respond to the current epidemic of wPCN, the greatest priority is to have available an increased number of commercially-attractive partially resistant cultivars.

KeywordsAgriculture, Multidisciplinary
Year of Publication2003
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology - AAB
Journal citation143 (1), pp. 73-80
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code421
Project: 4201

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