Salicylic acid and H2O2 function by independent pathways in the induction of freezing tolerance in potato

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Mora-Herrera, M. E., Lopez-Delgado, H., Castillo-Morales, A. and Foyer, C. H. 2005. Salicylic acid and H2O2 function by independent pathways in the induction of freezing tolerance in potato. Physiologia Plantarum. 125 (4), pp. 430-440.

AuthorsMora-Herrera, M. E., Lopez-Delgado, H., Castillo-Morales, A. and Foyer, C. H.
Abstract

The effects of salicylic acid (SA) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) on freezing tolerance were studied in two potato (Solanum tuberosum) cultivars (Alpha and Atlantic) that differ in cold sensitivity, Alpha being more tolerant to freezing than Atlantic. Lowest freezing survival rates were observed in 4-week-old plants. Freezing treatments consisting of exposure to 6 degrees C for 4 h in the dark were applied 24 h after plants had been transferred from in vitro culture to soil. Catalase activity and H2O2 were estimated at the following harvest points: stage (a) 4-week-old in vitro plants treated with either 0.1 mM SA or 5 mM H2O2; stage (b) as in (a) but 24 h following transfer to soil prior to freezing treatment; stage (c) as in (b) but measured 15 days after a 4-h freezing treatment. The results show that (1) SA induced freezing tolerance in both cultivars; (2) SA inhibited ascorbate peroxidase activities in both cultivars at all harvest points but inhibited catalase activities in only at stage (a); (3) SA induced H2O2 accumulation only in Atlantic at stage (a); (4) H2O2 enhanced shoot catalase activities in Atlantic at stages (a) and (b) whereas this treatment had no effect on shoot catalase activities in Alpha; (5) H2O2 treatment induced freezing tolerance in Atlantic, even though shoot catalase activities were lower than those of the controls following exposure to freezing temperatures. We conclude that SA does not always lead to H2O2 accumulation even though catalase and ascorbate peroxidase activities are decreased as a result of the treatment. Moreover, H2O2 accumulation is not always associated with the induction of freezing tolerance, for example at stage (a) where SA-induced tolerance in Alpha was not accompanied by H2O2 accumulation. H2O2 was able to induce freezing tolerance only in Atlantic, even though H2O2 accumulated in both cultivars following this treatment.

KeywordsPlant Sciences
Year of Publication2005
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Journal citation125 (4), pp. 430-440
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1399-3054.2005.00572.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code521
502
Redox signalling and oxidative-stress-mediated control of plant growth and development
ISSN00319317
PublisherWiley

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