Yeast complementation reveals a role for an Arabidopsis thaliana late embryogenesis abundant (LEA)-like protein in oxidative stress tolerance

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Mowla, S. B., Cuypers, A., Driscoll, S. P., Kiddle, G., Thomson, J., Foyer, C. H. and Theodoulou, F. L. 2006. Yeast complementation reveals a role for an Arabidopsis thaliana late embryogenesis abundant (LEA)-like protein in oxidative stress tolerance. The Plant Journal. 48 (5), pp. 743-756.

AuthorsMowla, S. B., Cuypers, A., Driscoll, S. P., Kiddle, G., Thomson, J., Foyer, C. H. and Theodoulou, F. L.
Abstract

A functional cloning approach using the oxidant-sensitive yeast mutant, Delta yap1, was employed to identify plant genes involved in tolerance of oxidative stress. In this screen, we identified an Arabidopsis late embryogenesis-abundant (LEA)-like protein, AtLEA5, which increased the tolerance of Delta yap1 cells to the oxidants H2O2, diamide, menadione and tert-butyl hydroperoxide. Unlike canonical LEAs, AtLEA5 is constitutively expressed in roots and reproductive organs but not in seeds. In leaves of short-day grown plants, AtLEA5 transcripts exhibited a diurnal pattern of regulation, where transcripts were repressed in the light and abundant in the dark. Expression of AtLEA5 in leaves was induced by oxidants, ABA and dehydration. Use of abi1-1 (ABA-insensitive) and aba1-1 (ABA-deficient) Arabidopsis mutants indicated that drought induction of AtLEA5 required ABA synthesis but was independent of the ABI1 gene product. Abscisic acid and H2O2 induction of AtLEA5 was also independent of the OXI1 protein kinase. Constitutive overexpression of AtLEA5 resulted in increased root growth and shoot biomass, both in optimal conditions and under H2O2 stress. However, in comparison with wild type, photosynthesis in overexpressing plants was more susceptible to drought. These features suggest that AtLEA5 has a unique function among LEA proteins in that it plays a specific role in protection against oxidative stress involving decreased photosynthesis. This protein functions as part of a complex network of defences that contribute to robustness of plants under stress by minimizing the negative effects of oxidation.

KeywordsPlant Sciences
Year of Publication2006
JournalThe Plant Journal
Journal citation48 (5), pp. 743-756
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1365-313X.2006.02911.x
PubMed ID17092320
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code503
502
Cloning and characterisation of genes involved in xenobiotic metabolism
Redox signalling and oxidative-stress-mediated control of plant growth and development
ISSN09607412
0960-7412
PublisherWiley

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