A modular cloning toolkit for genome editing in plants

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Hahn, F., Korolev, A., Sanjurjo-Loures, L. and Nekrasov, V. 2020. A modular cloning toolkit for genome editing in plants. BMC Plant Biology. 20, p. 179.

AuthorsHahn, F., Korolev, A., Sanjurjo-Loures, L. and Nekrasov, V.
Abstract

Background
CRISPR/Cas has recently become a widely used genome editing tool in various organisms, including plants. Applying CRISPR/Cas often requires delivering multiple expression units into plant and hence there is a need for a quick and easy cloning procedure. The modular cloning (MoClo), based on the Golden Gate (GG) method, has enabled development of cloning systems with standardised genetic parts, e.g. promoters, coding sequences or terminators, that can be easily interchanged and assembled into expression units, which in their own turn can be further assembled into higher order multigene constructs.
Results
Here we present an expanded cloning toolkit that contains 103 modules encoding a variety of CRISPR/Cas-based nucleases and their corresponding guide RNA backbones. Among other components, the toolkit includes a number of promoters that
allow expression of CRISPR/Cas nucleases (or any other coding sequences) and their guide RNAs in monocots and dicots. As part of the toolkit, we present a set of modules that enable quick and facile assembly of tRNA-sgRNA polycistronic units without a PCR step involved. We also demonstrate that our tRNA-sgRNA system is functional in wheat protoplasts.
Conclusions
We believe the presented CRISPR/Cas toolkit is a great resource that will contribute towards wider adoption of the CRISPR/Cas genome editing technology and modular cloning by researchers across the plant science community.

KeywordsCRISPR; Cas9; Plant; Genome editing; Golden Gate; MoClo
Year of Publication2020
JournalBMC Plant Biology
Journal citation20, p. 179
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1186/s12870-020-02388-2
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeDesigning Future Wheat (DFW) [ISPG]
Publisher's version
Accepted author manuscript
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online23 Apr 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted06 Apr 2020
PublisherBiomed Central Ltd
ISSN1471-2229

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