After carbonaria: melanic moth frequencies in the Rothamsted Insect Survey

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Cook, L. M. and Shortall, C. R. 2022. After carbonaria: melanic moth frequencies in the Rothamsted Insect Survey. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 136 (1), pp. 127-134.

AuthorsCook, L. M. and Shortall, C. R.

Melanic frequencies in three species of moths during the 21st century are examined using data collected by the
Rothamsted Insect Survey for the purpose of monitoring insect distribution and abundance. The classical industrial
melanic morph carbonaria in the moth Biston betularia (L.) is no longer present in the samples. Melanic forms in two
other species, Odontoptera bidentata (Clerck) and Apocheima pilosaria (Denis & Schifferműller), and the insularia
form of B. betularia, all sometimes referred to as industrial melanics, continue to be found and are widely distributed
in Britain. Views on why that should be so are discussed.

KeywordsApocheima pilosaria ; Biston betularia; Frequency changes; Melanic moths; Non-industrial melanism; Odontoptera bidentata; Survey data; Peppered moth
Year of Publication2022
JournalBiological Journal of the Linnean Society
Journal citation136 (1), pp. 127-134
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Open accessPublished as non-open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeBBS/E/C/000I0120
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online30 Mar 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted28 Feb 2022
PublisherOxford University Press (OUP)

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