Mitogen activated protein kinases SakA(HOG1) and MpkC collaborate for Aspergillus fumigatus virulence

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Nascimento, Acmdb, Dos Reis, T. F., De Castro, P. A., Hori, J. I., Bom, V. L. P., De Assis, L. J., Ramalho, L. N. Z., Rocha, M. C., Malavazi, I., Brown, N. A., Valiante, V., Brakhage, A. A., Hagiwara, D. and Goldman, G. H. 2016. Mitogen activated protein kinases SakA(HOG1) and MpkC collaborate for Aspergillus fumigatus virulence. Molecular MicroBiology. 100 (5), pp. 841-859.

AuthorsNascimento, Acmdb, Dos Reis, T. F., De Castro, P. A., Hori, J. I., Bom, V. L. P., De Assis, L. J., Ramalho, L. N. Z., Rocha, M. C., Malavazi, I., Brown, N. A., Valiante, V., Brakhage, A. A., Hagiwara, D. and Goldman, G. H.
Abstract

Here, we investigated which stress responses were influenced by the MpkC and SakA mitogen-activated protein kinases of the high-osmolarity glycerol (HOG) pathway in the fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus. The DsakA and the double Delta mpkC Delta sakA mutants were more sensitive to osmotic and oxidative stresses, and to cell wall damaging agents. Both MpkC:: GFP and SakA:: GFP translocated to the nucleus upon osmotic stress and cell wall damage, with SakA:: GFP showing a quicker response. The phosphorylation state of MpkA was determined post exposure to high concentrations of congo red and Sorbitol. In the wild-type strain, MpkA phosphorylation levels progressively increased in both treatments. In contrast, the Delta sakA mutant had reduced MpkA phosphorylation, and surprisingly, the double Delta mpkC Delta sakA had no detectable MpkA phosphorylation. A. fumigatus DsakA and DmpkC were virulent in mouse survival experiments, but they had a 40% reduction in fungal burden. In contrast, the Delta mpkC Delta sakA double mutant showed highly attenuated virulence, with approximately 50% mice surviving and a 75% reduction in fungal burden. We propose that both cell wall integrity (CWI) and HOG pathways collaborate, and that MpkC could act by modulating SakA activity upon exposure to several types of stresses and during CW biosynthesis.

KeywordsBiochemistry & Molecular Biology; Microbiology
Year of Publication2016
JournalMolecular MicroBiology
Journal citation100 (5), pp. 841-859
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/mmi.13354
Open accessPublished as bronze (free) open access
FunderConselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq)
Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP)
Publisher's version
ISSN0950382X
0950-382X
PublisherWiley

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