A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Brown, N. A., Urban, M., Van De Meene, A. M. L. and Hammond-Kosack, K. E. 2010. The infection biology of Fusarium graminearum: defining the pathways of spikelet to spikelet colonisation in wheat ears. Fungal Biology. 114 (7), pp. 555-571.
|Authors||Brown, N. A., Urban, M., Van De Meene, A. M. L. and Hammond-Kosack, K. E.|
Fusarium graminearum is one of the main causal agents of Fusarium Ear Blight on wheat. How the pathogen colonises the entire ear is not known. There is controversy over whether this mycotoxin producing pathogenic fungus invades wheat floral tissue using a necrotrophic or another mode of nutrition. A detailed microscopic investigation has revealed how wild-type fungal hyphae, of the sequenced strain PH-1, colonised susceptible wheat ears and spread from spikelet to spikelet. At the advancing infection front, colonisation of the host cortex occurred ahead of any vascular colonisation and the hyphae adapted to the available intercellular space between host cells. Intercellular hyphae then became abundant and host cells lost their entire cellular contents just prior to intracellular colonisation. No host cells died ahead of the infection. However, while these deep cortex infections progressed, just below the surface the highly photosynthetic chlorenchyma cells were observed to have died prior to colonisation. Behind the infection front, hyphae were abundant in the vasculature and the cortex, often growing through the pit fields of thick walled cells. This high level of inter- and intracellular fungal colonisation resulted in the collapse of the non-lignified cell-types. In this middle zone of infection, hyphal diameters were considerably enlarged. Far behind the infection front inter- and intracellular hyphae were devoid of contents and had often collapsed. At later stages of infection, the pathogen switched from predominately vertical to lateral growth and accumulated below the surface of the rachis. Here the lignified host cell walls became heavily degraded and hyphae ruptured the epidermis and produced an aerial mycelium.
|Keywords||RRES175; 175_Plant sciences; 175_Fungi|
|Year of Publication||2010|
|Journal citation||114 (7), pp. 555-571|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1016/j.funbio.2010.04.006|
|Open access||Published as non-open access|
|Funder project or code||Centre for Sustainable Pest and Disease Management (PDM)|
|Online||24 Apr 2010|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||17 Apr 2010|
|Elsevier Sci Ltd|
|Copyright license||Publisher copyright|
Permalink - https://repository.rothamsted.ac.uk/item/8q670/the-infection-biology-of-fusarium-graminearum-defining-the-pathways-of-spikelet-to-spikelet-colonisation-in-wheat-ears