A fungal endophyte induces local cell-wall mediated resistance in wheat roots against take-all disease

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Chancellor, T., Smith, D. P., Chen, W., Clark, S. J., Venter, E., Halsey, K., Carrera, E., Mcmillan, V. E., Canning, G., Armer, V., Hammond-Kosack, K. E. and Palma-Guerrero, J. 2024. A fungal endophyte induces local cell-wall mediated resistance in wheat roots against take-all disease. bioRxiv. https://doi.org/10.1101/2023.11.23.568424

AuthorsChancellor, T., Smith, D. P., Chen, W., Clark, S. J., Venter, E., Halsey, K., Carrera, E., Mcmillan, V. E., Canning, G., Armer, V., Hammond-Kosack, K. E. and Palma-Guerrero, J.
Abstract

Take-all disease, caused by the ascomycete fungus Gaeumannomyces tritici, is one of the most important root diseases of wheat worldwide. The fungus invades the roots and destroys the vascular tissue, hindering the uptake of water and nutrients. Closely related non-pathogenic species in the Magnaporthaceae family, such as Gaeumannomyces hyphopodioides, occur naturally in arable and grassland soils and have previously been reported to reduce take-all disease in field studies. However, the mechanism of take-all protection has remained unknown. Here, we characterise the root infection biologies of G. tritici and G. hyphopodioides in wheat. We investigate the ultrastructure of previously described “subepidermal vesicles” (SEVs), produced in wheat roots by non-pathogenic G. hyphopodioides, but not by pathogenic G. tritici. We show that G. hyphopodioides SEVs share key characteristics of fungal resting structures; containing a greater number of putative lipid bodies and a significantly thickened cell wall compared to infection hyphae. We demonstrate that take-all control is achieved via local but not systemic host changes in response to prior G. hyphopodioides root colonisation. A time-course wheat RNA sequencing analysis revealed extensive transcriptional reprogramming in G. hyphopodioides colonised tissues, characterised by a striking downregulation of key cell-wall related genes, including cellulose synthase (CESA), and xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase (XTH) genes. In the absence of take-all resistant wheat cultivars or non-virulent G. tritici strains, studying closely related non-pathogenic G. hyphopodioides provides a much-needed avenue to elucidate take-all resistance mechanisms in wheat

KeywordsFungal biocontrol; Cell wall modifications; Wheat defences; Root pathogen; Root endophyte; Wheat root transcriptomes
Year of Publication2024
JournalbioRxiv
Molecular Plant Pathology
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1101/2023.11.23.568424
Open accessPublished as bronze (free) open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Funder project or codeNottingham-Rothamsted Doctoral Training Partnership
DFW - Designing Future Wheat - Work package 2 (WP2) - Added value and resilience
BB/CCG2280/1
Delivering Sustainable Wheat
Delivering Sustainable Wheat (WP2): Delivering Resilience to Biotic Stress
Semiochemical-based alternative concepts for the management of wireworms
Accepted author manuscript
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online27 May 2024
PublisherCold Spring Harbor Lab Press, Publications Dept

Permalink - https://repository.rothamsted.ac.uk/item/9906q/a-fungal-endophyte-induces-local-cell-wall-mediated-resistance-in-wheat-roots-against-take-all-disease

35 total views
66 total downloads
4 views this month
1 downloads this month
Download files as zip