High temperature tolerance in a novel, high-quality Phaseolus vulgaris breeding line is due to maintenance of pollen viability and successful germination on the stigma

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Rose, T., Lowe, C., Miret, J. A., Walpole, H., Halsey, K., Venter, E., Urban, M. O., Buendia, H. F., Kurup, S., O’Sullivan, D., Beebe, S. and Heuer, S. 2023. High temperature tolerance in a novel, high-quality Phaseolus vulgaris breeding line is due to maintenance of pollen viability and successful germination on the stigma. Plants - Basel. 12 (13), p. 2491. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants12132491

AuthorsRose, T., Lowe, C., Miret, J. A., Walpole, H., Halsey, K., Venter, E., Urban, M. O., Buendia, H. F., Kurup, S., O’Sullivan, D., Beebe, S. and Heuer, S.
Abstract

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important nutritional source globally but is sensitive to high temperatures and thus particularly vulnerable to climate change. Derived from a breeding program at CIAT (Colombia), a heat tolerant breeding line, named Heat Tolerant Andean-type 4 (HTA4), has been developed by a series of crosses of parents with a small-bean tepary genotype (Phaseolus acutifolius L.) in their pedigree, which might be the donor of Heat Stress (HS) tolerance. Importantly, in HTA4 the large, commercially desirable Andean-type beans was restored. To assess underlying tolerance mechanisms, HTA4, together with a heat-sensitive Colombian variety (Calima), were exposed to HS (31°C/24°C HS vs 26°C/19°C day/night) under controlled environment conditions. Vegetative growth and photosynthetic capacity were not negatively impacted by HS in either genotype, although leaf senescence was delayed in Calima. HS during the reproductive stage caused an increase in pod number in Calima, but with few fully developed seeds, and many pods aborted and abscised. In contrast, HTA4 maintained a similar filled pod number under HS and a higher seed weight per plant. Pollen showed high sterility in Calima, with many non-viable pollen grains (24.9% viability compared to 98.4% in control) with a thicker exine and fewer starch granules under HS. Calima pollen failed to adhere to the stigma and germinate under HS. In HTA4, pollen viability was significantly higher than in Calima (71.1% viability compared to 95.4% under control), and pollen successfully germinated and formed pollen tubes in the style under HS.
The development of a HTA4 mapping population is now in progress to identify tolerance-associated chromosomal regions and enable targeted introgression of heat tolerance into locally adapted varieties in Colombia, and other heat-affected countries.

KeywordsCommon bean; Phaseolus vulgaris; Heat stress; Pollen viability
Year of Publication2023
JournalPlants - Basel
Journal citation12 (13), p. 2491
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/plants12132491
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
FunderBBSRC Newton funding
Funder project or codeHeat Tolerant Beans for Colombia
Publisher's version
Accepted author manuscript
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online29 Jul 2023
Publication process dates
Accepted26 Jun 2023
PublisherMDPI
ISSN2223-7747

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