Genomic clustering and co-regulation of transcriptional networks in the pathogenic fungus Fusarium graminearum

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Lawler, K., Hammond-Kosack, K. E., Brazma, A. and Coulson, R. M. R. 2013. Genomic clustering and co-regulation of transcriptional networks in the pathogenic fungus Fusarium graminearum. BMC Systems Biology. 7, p. 52.

AuthorsLawler, K., Hammond-Kosack, K. E., Brazma, A. and Coulson, R. M. R.
Abstract

Background
Genes for the production of a broad range of fungal secondary metabolites are frequently colinear. The prevalence of such gene clusters was systematically examined across the genome of the cereal pathogen Fusarium graminearum. The topological structure of transcriptional networks was also examined to investigate control mechanisms for mycotoxin biosynthesis and other processes.

Results
The genes associated with transcriptional processes were identified, and the genomic location of transcription-associated proteins (TAPs) analyzed in conjunction with the locations of genes exhibiting similar expression patterns. Highly conserved TAPs reside in regions of chromosomes with very low or no recombination, contrasting with putative regulator genes. Co-expression group profiles were used to define positionally clustered genes and a number of members of these clusters encode proteins participating in secondary metabolism. Gene expression profiles suggest there is an abundance of condition-specific transcriptional regulation. Analysis of the promoter regions of co-expressed genes showed enrichment for conserved DNA-sequence motifs. Potential global transcription factors recognising these motifs contain distinct sets of DNA-binding domains (DBDs) from those present in local regulators.

Conclusions
Proteins associated with basal transcriptional functions are encoded by genes enriched in regions of the genome with low recombination. Systematic searches revealed dispersed and compact clusters of co-expressed genes, often containing a transcription factor, and typically containing genes involved in biosynthetic pathways. Transcriptional networks exhibit a layered structure in which the position in the hierarchy of a regulator is closely linked to the DBD structural class.

Year of Publication2013
JournalBMC Systems Biology
Journal citation7, p. 52
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1186/1752-0509-7-52
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeWheat
[20:20 Wheat] Protecting yield potential of wheat
Publisher's version
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online27 Jun 2013
Publication process dates
Accepted18 Jun 2013
Copyright licenseCC BY
PublisherBiomed Central Ltd
ISSN1752-0509

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