Descriptive and Mechanistic Models of Crop-Weed Competition

B - Book chapters etc edited externally

Bastiaans, L. and Storkey, J. 2017. Descriptive and Mechanistic Models of Crop-Weed Competition. in: Hatcher, P. E. and Froud-Williams, R. J. (ed.) Weed Research: Expanding Horizons (Chapter 2) John Wiley & Sons Chichester, West Sussex. pp. 33-60

AuthorsBastiaans, L. and Storkey, J.
EditorsHatcher, P. E. and Froud-Williams, R. J.
Abstract

Crop‐weed competitive relations are an important element of agroecosystems. Quantifying and understanding them helps to design appropriate weed management at operational, tactical and strategic level. This chapter presents and discusses simple descriptive and more mechanistic models for crop‐weed interaction. Along with an elaboration of underlying principles, attention is on application of the models in support of research, management and policy development. The main purpose of mechanistic crop‐weed competition models is to obtain a better quantitative understanding of crop‐weed interactions and to identify how species characteristics, management interventions and environmental factors such as resource availability and climate change influence the competitive relations between crop and weed. The use of mechanistic models for crop‐weed competition not only allows the ranking of genotypes on weed‐suppressive ability, but also allows identification of appropriate traits capable of increasing weed suppressiveness without penalising yielding ability in the absence of weeds.

Keywordsagroecosystems; crop-weed competition; crop‐weed interactions; descriptive models; mechanistic models; weed research; weed suppressiveness
Page range33-60
Year of Publication2017
Book titleWeed Research: Expanding Horizons (Chapter 2)
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons Chichester, West Sussex
ISBN9781119380702
9781119969143
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1002/9781119380702.ch2
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online26 May 2017
Print06 Jul 2017
Copyright licensePublisher copyright

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