What good is weed diversity?

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Storkey, J. and Neve, P. 2018. What good is weed diversity? Weed Research. 58 (4), pp. 239-243.

AuthorsStorkey, J. and Neve, P.
Abstract

Should the declining diversity of weed communities in conventionally managed arable fields be regarded as a problem? The answer to this question has tended to divide researchers into those whose primary focus is on conserving farmland biodiversity and those whose goals are dictated by weed control and maximising yield. Here, we argue that, regardless of how weeds are perceived, there are common ecological principles that should underpin any approach to managing weed communities, and, based on these principles, increasing in‐field weed diversity could be advantageous agronomically as well as environmentally. We hypothesise that a more diverse weed community will be less competitive, less prone to dominance by highly adapted, herbicide‐resistant species and that the diversity of the weed seedbank will be indicative of the overall sustainability of the cropping system. Common to these hypotheses is the idea that the intensification of agriculture has been accompanied by a homogenisation of cropping systems and landscapes, accounting for both declines in weed diversity and the reduced resilience of cropping systems (including the build‐up of herbicide resistance). As such, weed communities represent a useful indicator of the success of rediversifying systems at multiple scales, which will be a central component of making agriculture and weed control more sustainable.

KeywordsNiche differentiation; Herbicide resistance; Sustainable intensification; Broadbalk experiment; Species richness
Year of Publication2018
JournalWeed Research
Journal citation58 (4), pp. 239-243
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/wre.12310
PubMed ID30174354
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeASSIST - Achieving Sustainable Agricultural Systems
BBSRC Strategic Programme in Smart Crop Protection
Accepted author manuscript
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online23 May 2018
Publication process dates
Accepted21 Mar 2018
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Wiley
Copyright licenseCC BY
ISSN0043-1737

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