Yield and the 15N Fate in Rice/Maize Season in the Yangtze River Ba

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Wang,S., Yang, M., Liao, S., Sheng, W., Shi, X., Lu, J., Guo, S., Shen, J., Zhang, F., Goulding, K. W. T. and Liu, X. 2019. Yield and the 15N Fate in Rice/Maize Season in the Yangtze River Ba. Agronomy Journal. 111 (2), pp. 517-527.

AuthorsWang,S., Yang, M., Liao, S., Sheng, W., Shi, X., Lu, J., Guo, S., Shen, J., Zhang, F., Goulding, K. W. T. and Liu, X.
Abstract

The deterioration of water quality induced by overuse of N and P fertilizers has become one of the main limiting factors of the sustainable economic and social development of the Yangtze River Basin (YRB), China. Three field experiments using 15N-labeled urea were conducted at three locations in upstream, midstream, and downstream regions of YRB to evaluate the impacts of improved fertilizer management (reduced rates and better timing of the applications compared to a traditional, high N application) on crop yield, fertilizer N recovery, and fate in a rice (Oryza sativa L.)-flooded fallow rotation (RF), a rice–wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) rotation (RW), a rice-flooded fallow rotation (RF), a rice–vegetable rotation (RV), and a maize (Zea mays L.) –wheat rotation (MW). The improved fertilizer treatment significantly increased rice grain yield by 12.9% compared with the high fertilizer treatment in a RW rotation in Rugao (Jiangsu), but had no significant effect on rice grain yield in the other rotations. It led to significantly lower maize yields in Jiangjin (Chongqing). The total fertilizer N recoveries in rice and in the 0 to 40 cm soil were 17 to 35% and 17 to 32%, with crop and/or soil recoveries usually higher in the improved fertilizer treatments than in the traditional fertilizer treatments, but not for maize. Fertilizer N losses can be reduced by using improved fertilizer management in a rice-based rotation. An improved fertilizer management which has 60% N and 50% P application of the traditional fertilizer application can produce a sustained high rice yield and reduce the environmental impact compared with traditional fertilizer input used in the YRB.

KeywordsRice/maize yield; N-15; Yangtze River; N cycling
Year of Publication2019
JournalAgronomy Journal
Journal citation111 (2), pp. 517-527
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.2134/agronj2018.06.0379
Web address (URL)https://dl.sciencesocieties.org/publications/aj/abstracts/111/2/517
Open accessPublished as non-open access
FunderBBSRC Newton funding
Funder project or codeUK - China Virtual Joint Centre for Improved Nitrogen Agronomy (CINAG)
Output statusE-publication ahead of print
Publication dates
Online10 Jan 2019
Publication process dates
Accepted08 Oct 2018
Copyright licenseAuthor copyright
PublisherAmerican Society of Agronomy (ASA)
ISSN0002-1962

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