Spatio-temporal characteristics and source apportionment of water-soluble organic acids in PM2.5 in the North China Plain

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Li, Y., Wang, C., Tang, A., Goulding, K. W. T., Zheng, A. and Liu, X. 2022. Spatio-temporal characteristics and source apportionment of water-soluble organic acids in PM2.5 in the North China Plain. Atmospheric Pollution Research. 13, p. 101540. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apr.2022.101540

AuthorsLi, Y., Wang, C., Tang, A., Goulding, K. W. T., Zheng, A. and Liu, X.
Abstract

Water-soluble organic acids (WSOAs) are important chemical components of fine particulate matter (PM2.5). WSOAs can aggravate PM2.5 pollution and contribute to the acidity of aerosol and rain. PM2.5 pollution in the North China Plain (NCP) has been extensively researched. However, with the decrease in PM2.5 and enhancement of atmospheric oxidation in the NCP, it is unclear how the amount and source of WSOAs in ambient PM2.5 change. In this study, we investigated WSOAs in PM2.5 from 2018 to 2019 at urban and rural sites in the NCP.
Our results showed that WSOAs accounted for 0.8% of the PM2.5 mass with a dominance of oxalic acid (OA), followed by formic acid (FA) and methanesulfonic acid (MSA). High MSA concentrations at inland sites, such as Yucheng, indicated that MSA in PM2.5 primarily originated from anthropogenic activities rather than marine sources, as previously inferred. WSOAs in ambient PM2.5 were comparable at rural and urban sites with 0.73 ± 0.46 μg/m3 and 0.66 ± 0.40 μg/m3, respectively. The secondary transformation of pollutants from coal combustion and vehicle exhaust emissions was the major WSOAs source, with an average contribution of 70% at all
sites. Photochemical oxidation played a stronger role in WSOAs transformation than aqueous oxidation. The potential source contribution function analysis revealed that southern Hebei and central Shandong provinces were potential source areas for WSOAs in the NCP. In the future, the integrated regional control of precursor and oxidant emissions will be important in the NCP.

KeywordsRural and urban Sources; Water-soluble organic acids; Secondary transformation; PM2.5
Year of Publication2022
JournalAtmospheric Pollution Research
Journal citation13, p. 101540
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apr.2022.101540
Web address (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apr.2022.101540
Open accessPublished as non-open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeS2N - Soil to Nutrition [ISPG]
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online26 Aug 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted20 Aug 2022
PublisherElsevier
ISSN1309-1042

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