Crop emergence, the impact of mechanical impedance

B - Book chapters etc edited externally

Whalley, W. R. and Finch-Savage, W. E. 2011. Crop emergence, the impact of mechanical impedance. in: Glinski, J., Lipiec, J. and Horabik, J. (ed.) Encyclopedia of agrophysics Springer, Dordrecht. pp. 163-167

AuthorsWhalley, W. R. and Finch-Savage, W. E.
EditorsGlinski, J., Lipiec, J. and Horabik, J.
Abstract

To emerge from a germinated seed, the shoot has to be capable of reaching the soil surface, while continued root growth is required to gain access to water in drying seedbeds. This is illustrated in Figure 1 where the seed must first germinate rapidly, then have rapid initial downward growth, and finally have high potential for upward shoot growth in soil of increasing impedance (Figure 1). Once a seed has germinated, seedling growth depends on temperature, water potential, and the mechanical strength of the seedbed (Collis-George and Yoganathan, 1985a, b; Finch-Savage et al., 1998; Townend et al., 1996; Whalley et al., 1999, 2001). Root and shoot elongation rate decrease with water potential in vermiculite (Sharp et al., 1988), but as soil dries it also tends to become stronger and mechanical impedance rather than water stress can become limiting (Weaich et al., 1992). Understanding the impact of mechanical impedance on seedling emergence can be difficult...

Page range163-167
Year of Publication2011
Book titleEncyclopedia of agrophysics
PublisherSpringer, Dordrecht
ISBN978-90-481-3585-1
ISSN1871-756X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1007/978-90-481-3585-1_35
Funder project or codeSEF
RCUK Summer School: Advanced wheat breeding
Open accessPublished as non-open access
File
File Access Level
Safeguarded
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online28 Aug 2014
Collective titleEncyclopedia of agrophysics

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