Photosynthesis and predisposition of plants to infection with certain viruses

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Bawden, F. C. and Roberts, F. M. 1948. Photosynthesis and predisposition of plants to infection with certain viruses. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 35 (3), pp. 418-428. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1948.tb07386.x

AuthorsBawden, F. C. and Roberts, F. M.
Abstract

The effects on susceptibility to infection with certain viruses of subjecting plants to various periods of darkness or reduced illumination before and after inoculation were tested. The viruses and hosts used were a tobacco necrosis virus in French bean and tobacco; tomato aucuba mosaic virus in tobacco; and tobacco mosaic and tomato bushy stunt viruses in Nicotiana glutinosa. All the virus-host combinations give necrotic local lesions, and susceptibility was measured by local lesion counts. Susceptibility was consistently increased by pre-inoculation treatments of host plants, whereas post-inoculation treatments had relatively little effect, but most often decreased susceptibility. Short periods in the dark produced similar responses to longer periods in shade, but the different plants varied in their response to, and tolerance of, darkness. The maximum number of lesions was usually obtained with bean plants kept for only 24 hr. in the dark before inoculation, but with tobacco plants susceptibility increased with increasing time in the dark up to 5 days. It is suggested that the successful establishment of infection occurs in two stages, the first of which is affected by. the accumulation of photosynthetic products. Whether these products confer resistance by increasing cell turgor or by reacting specifically with virus particles is unknown, but sap from plants in the light possesses no greater virus-inhibiting power than sap from plants kept in the dark.

Year of Publication1948
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology - AAB
Journal citation35 (3), pp. 418-428
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1948.tb07386.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
ISSN00034746
PublisherWiley

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