Frederick Bawden

NameFrederick Bawden
Job titleFormer Head of Plant Pathology and Director of Rothamsted Research
Preferred citationBawden, F. C.

Research outputs

The inhibition, inactivation and precipitation of tobacco mosaic virus nucleic acid by components of leaf extracts

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1972. The inhibition, inactivation and precipitation of tobacco mosaic virus nucleic acid by components of leaf extracts. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 182 (1068), pp. 319-329. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1972.0082

Factors affecting the amount of tobacco mosaic virus nucleic acid in phenol treated extracts from tobacco leaves

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1972. Factors affecting the amount of tobacco mosaic virus nucleic acid in phenol treated extracts from tobacco leaves. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 182 (1068), pp. 297-318. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1972.0081

Musings of an erstwhile plant pathologist

Bawden, F. C. 1970. Musings of an erstwhile plant pathologist. Annual Review of Phytopathology. 8, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.py.08.090170.000245

The serological relationship between tobacco mosaic virus and cucumber viruses 3 and 4

Bawden, F. C. and Kassanis, B. 1968. The serological relationship between tobacco mosaic virus and cucumber viruses 3 and 4. Virology. 34 (1), pp. 174-175. https://doi.org/10.1016/0042-6822(68)90022-6

Some reflections on thirty years of research on plant viruses (30 years)

Bawden, F. C. 1966. Some reflections on thirty years of research on plant viruses (30 years). Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 58, pp. 1-11.

Rothamsted Experimental Station

Bawden, F. C. 1966. Rothamsted Experimental Station. Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society of England. 127.

John Bennet Lawes and Joseph Henry Gilbert - biographical sketches

Bawden, F. C. 1966. John Bennet Lawes and Joseph Henry Gilbert - biographical sketches. Journal Of Nutrition. 90 (1), pp. 3-12. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/90.1.1.

Sir John Russell OBE, FRS

Bawden, F. C. 1965. Sir John Russell OBE, FRS. Nature. 207 (50001), pp. 1031-1032.

Plant viruses : Their nature and control

Bawden, F. C. 1963. Plant viruses : Their nature and control. Span.

The role of research in the development of modern agriculture

Bawden, F. C. 1962. The role of research in the development of modern agriculture. Proceedings 11th Congress of the International Society Sugar-cane Technology, Mauritius, 1962.

The susceptibility of the Rhoeo discolor to infection by tobacco mosaic virus

Bawden, F. C. 1961. The susceptibility of the Rhoeo discolor to infection by tobacco mosaic virus. Journal of Biological Chemistry.

Some effects of changing environment on the behaviour of plant viruses

Bawden, F. C. 1961. Some effects of changing environment on the behaviour of plant viruses. Symposia of the Society for General Microbiology 1961.

Effects of ultraviolet radiation on infection by intact and phenol-disrupted red clover mottle virus

Bawden, F. C. and Sinha, R. C. 1961. Effects of ultraviolet radiation on infection by intact and phenol-disrupted red clover mottle virus. Virology.

Some effects of ultraviolet radiation on the infection of Nicotiana glutinosa leaves by tobacco mosaic virus

Bawden, F. C. and Kleczkowski, A. 1960. Some effects of ultraviolet radiation on the infection of Nicotiana glutinosa leaves by tobacco mosaic virus. Virology. 10 (2), pp. 163-181. https://doi.org/10.1016/0042-6822(60)90037-4

Soil-borne viruses

Bawden, F. C. 1960. Soil-borne viruses. Agriculture: Journal of the Ministry of Agriculture.

Plant viruses : What they are and what they do

Bawden, F. C. 1960. Plant viruses : What they are and what they do. Proceedings of the Royal Institution. 38 (170).

The infectivity and inactivation of nucleic acid preparations from tobacco mosaic virus

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1959. The infectivity and inactivation of nucleic acid preparations from tobacco mosaic virus. Journal of General Microbiology. 21 (2), pp. 438-456. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-21-2-438

Some properties of decomposition products of potato virus X

Bawden, F. C. and Kleczkowski, A. 1959. Some properties of decomposition products of potato virus X. Virology. 7 (4), pp. 375-384. https://doi.org/10.1016/0042-6822(59)90066-2

Photoreactivation of nucleic acid from tobacco mosaic virus

Bawden, F. C. and Kleczkowski, A. 1959. Photoreactivation of nucleic acid from tobacco mosaic virus. Nature. 183 (4660), pp. 503-504. https://doi.org/10.1038/183503a0

Viruses : retrospective and prospect (The Leeuwenhoek Lecture )

Bawden, F. C. 1959. Viruses : retrospective and prospect (The Leeuwenhoek Lecture ). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences.

Physiology of virus diseases

Bawden, F. C. 1959. Physiology of virus diseases. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology.

Effect of nitrous acid on tobacco mosaic virus : mutation or selection ?

Bawden, F. C. 1959. Effect of nitrous acid on tobacco mosaic virus : mutation or selection ? Nature.

Reversible changes in strains of tobacco mosaic virus from leguminous plants

Bawden, F. C. 1958. Reversible changes in strains of tobacco mosaic virus from leguminous plants. Journal of General Microbiology. 18 (3), pp. 751-766. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-18-3-751

Activity of fragmented and reassembled tobacco mosaic virus

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1957. Activity of fragmented and reassembled tobacco mosaic virus. Journal of General Microbiology. 17 (1), pp. 80-95. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-17-1-80

A virus-inactivating system from tobacco leaves

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1957. A virus-inactivating system from tobacco leaves. Journal of General Microbiology. 16 (3), pp. 696-710. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-16-3-696

Electrophoretic study of sap from uninfected and virus-infected tobacco plants

Bawden, F. C. and Kleczkowski, A. 1957. Electrophoretic study of sap from uninfected and virus-infected tobacco plants.

Further studies on the purification and properties of a virus causing tobacco necrosis

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1945. Further studies on the purification and properties of a virus causing tobacco necrosis. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 26 (5), pp. 277-285.

Observations on the anomalous proteins occurring in extracts from plant infected with strains of tobacco mosaic virus

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1956. Observations on the anomalous proteins occurring in extracts from plant infected with strains of tobacco mosaic virus. Journal of General Microbiology. 14, pp. 460-477. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-14-2-460

Reversible, host-induced, changes in a strain of tobacco mosaic virus

Bawden, F. C. 1956. Reversible, host-induced, changes in a strain of tobacco mosaic virus. Nature.

Research on viruses and virus diseases

Bawden, F. C. 1956. Research on viruses and virus diseases. Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society of England.

Studies on the ability of light to counteract the inactivation action of ultraviolet radiation on plant viruses

Bawden, F. C. and Kleczkowski, A. 1955. Studies on the ability of light to counteract the inactivation action of ultraviolet radiation on plant viruses. Journal of General Microbiology. 13 (2), pp. 370-382. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-13-2-370

Studies on the multiplication of a tobacco necrosis virus in inoculated leaves in French-bean plants

Bawden, F. C. and Harrison, B. D. 1955. Studies on the multiplication of a tobacco necrosis virus in inoculated leaves in French-bean plants. Journal of General Microbiology. 13 (3), pp. 494-508. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-13-3-494

Virus diseases of plants

Bawden, F. C. 1955. Virus diseases of plants. Journal of the Royal Society of Arts. 103 (4952), pp. 436-451.

The classification of viruses

Bawden, F. C. 1955. The classification of viruses. Journal of General Microbiology. 12 (2), pp. 362-366. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-12-2-362

The spread and control of plant virus diseases

Bawden, F. C. 1955. The spread and control of plant virus diseases. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 42 (1), pp. 140-147. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1955.tb02419.x

The distribution of viruses in different leaf tissues and its influence on virus transmission by aphids

Bawden, F. C., Hamlyn, B. M. G. and Watson, M. A. 1954. The distribution of viruses in different leaf tissues and its influence on virus transmission by aphids. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 41 (2), pp. 229-239. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1954.tb01116.x

Some effects of thiouracil on virus-infected plants

Bawden, F. C. and Kassanis, B. 1954. Some effects of thiouracil on virus-infected plants. Journal of General Microbiology. 10 (1), pp. 160-173. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-10-1-160

The behaviour of some plant viruses after exposure to ultraviolet radiation

Bawden, F. C. and Kleczkowski, A. 1953. The behaviour of some plant viruses after exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Journal of General Microbiology. 8 (1), pp. 145-156. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-8-1-145

Criticism of binomial nomenclature as applied to plant viruses

Bawden, F. C. 1953. Criticism of binomial nomenclature as applied to plant viruses. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 56 (3), pp. 538-544. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.1953.tb30243.x

Ultraviolet injury to higher plants counteracted by visible light

Bawden, F. C. and Kleczkowski, A. 1952. Ultraviolet injury to higher plants counteracted by visible light. Nature. 169 (4290), pp. 90-91. https://doi.org/10.1038/169090a0

The nature and behaviour of inhibitors of plant viruses produced by Trichothecium roseum link

Bawden, F. C. and Freeman, G. G. 1952. The nature and behaviour of inhibitors of plant viruses produced by Trichothecium roseum link. Journal of General Microbiology. 7 (1-2), pp. 154-168. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-7-1-2-154

The application of electron microscopy to the study of plant viruses in unpurified plant extracts

Bawden, F. C. and Nixon, H. L. 1951. The application of electron microscopy to the study of plant viruses in unpurified plant extracts. Journal of General Microbiology. 5 (1), pp. 104-109. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-5-1-104

Some properties of broad-bean mottle virus

Bawden, F. C., Chaudhuri, R. P. and Kassanis, B. 1951. Some properties of broad-bean mottle virus. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 38 (4), pp. 774-784. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1951.tb07849.x

Serologically related strains of potato virus y that are not mutually antagonistic in plants

Bawden, F. C. and Kassanis, B. 1951. Serologically related strains of potato virus y that are not mutually antagonistic in plants. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 38 (2), pp. 402-410. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1951.tb07815.x

Some factors affecting the activation of virus preparations made from tobacco leaves infected with a tobacco necrosis virus

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1950. Some factors affecting the activation of virus preparations made from tobacco leaves infected with a tobacco necrosis virus. Journal of General Microbiology. 4 (3), pp. 464-481. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-4-3-464

Some effects of freezing in the leaf, and of citrate in vitro, on the infectivity of a tobacco necrosis virus

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1950. Some effects of freezing in the leaf, and of citrate in vitro, on the infectivity of a tobacco necrosis virus. Journal of General Microbiology. 4 (3), pp. 482-492. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-4-3-482

The mechanical transmission and some properties of potato paracrinkle virus

Bawden, F. C., Kassanis, B. and Nixon, H. L. 1950. The mechanical transmission and some properties of potato paracrinkle virus. Journal of General Microbiology. 4 (2), pp. 210-219. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-4-2-210

Some effects of host-plant nutrition on the multiplication of viruses

Bawden, F. C. and Kassanis, B. 1950. Some effects of host-plant nutrition on the multiplication of viruses. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 37 (2), pp. 215-228. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1950.tb01040.x

Some effects of host nutrition on the susceptibility of plants to infection by certain viruses

Bawden, F. C. and Kassanis, B. 1950. Some effects of host nutrition on the susceptibility of plants to infection by certain viruses. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 37 (1), pp. 46-57. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1950.tb00949.x

Variations in the properties of potato virus x and their effects on its interactions with ribonuclease and proteolytic enzymes

Bawden, F. C. and Kleczkowski, A. 1948. Variations in the properties of potato virus x and their effects on its interactions with ribonuclease and proteolytic enzymes. Microbiology. 2 (2), pp. 173-185. https://doi.org/10.1099/00221287-2-2-173

Studies on the importance and control of potato virus x

Bawden, F. C., Kassanis, B. and Roberts, F. M. 1948. Studies on the importance and control of potato virus x. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 35 (2), pp. 250-265. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1948.tb07366.x

Photosynthesis and predisposition of plants to infection with certain viruses

Bawden, F. C. and Roberts, F. M. 1948. Photosynthesis and predisposition of plants to infection with certain viruses. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 35 (3), pp. 418-428. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1948.tb07386.x

Some properties of potato virus x in leaf extracts made in different ways

Bawden, F. C. and Crook, E. M. 1947. Some properties of potato virus x in leaf extracts made in different ways. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 28 (6), pp. 403-415.

Primula obconica, a carrier of tobacco necrosis viruses

Bawden, F. C. and Kassanis, B. 1947. Primula obconica, a carrier of tobacco necrosis viruses. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 34 (1), pp. 127-135. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1947.tb06349.x

The influence of light intensity on the susceptibility of plants to certain viruses

Bawden, F. C. and Roberts, F. M. 1947. The influence of light intensity on the susceptibility of plants to certain viruses. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 34 (2), pp. 286-296. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1947.tb06364.x

The behaviour of some naturally occurring strains of potato virus y

Bawden, F. C. and Kassanis, B. 1947. The behaviour of some naturally occurring strains of potato virus y. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 34 (4), pp. 503-516. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1947.tb06384.x

The virus content of plants suffering from tobacco mosaic

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1946. The virus content of plants suffering from tobacco mosaic. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 27 (2), pp. 81-90.

Varietal differences in susceptibility to potato virus Y

Bawden, F. C. and Kassanis, B. 1946. Varietal differences in susceptibility to potato virus Y. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 33 (1), pp. 46-50. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1946.tb06272.x

The separation and properties of tobacco mosaic virus in different states of aggregation

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1945. The separation and properties of tobacco mosaic virus in different states of aggregation. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 26 (5), pp. 294-312.

The suppression of one plant virus by another

Bawden, F. C. and Kassanis, B. 1945. The suppression of one plant virus by another. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 32 (1), pp. 52-57. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1945.tb06759.x

Protein precipitation and virus deactivation by extracts of strawberry plants

Bawden, F. C. and Kleczkowski, A. 1945. Protein precipitation and virus deactivation by extracts of strawberry plants. Journal of Pomology and Horticultural Science. 21 (1), pp. 2-7. https://doi.org/10.1080/03683621.1945.11513609

Plant viruses and virus diseases

Bawden, F. C. 1945. Plant viruses and virus diseases. Nature. 155, p. 156. https://doi.org/10.1038/155156a0

The liberation of virus, together with materials that inhibit its precipitation with antiserum, from the solid leaf residues of tomato plants suffering from bushy stunt

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1944. The liberation of virus, together with materials that inhibit its precipitation with antiserum, from the solid leaf residues of tomato plants suffering from bushy stunt. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 25 (2), pp. 68-80.

The relationships of some viruses causing necrotic diseases of the potato

Bawden, F. C. and Sheffield, F. M. L. 1944. The relationships of some viruses causing necrotic diseases of the potato. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 31 (1), pp. 33-40. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1944.tb06205.x

The inactivation of tomato bushy stunt virus by heating and freezing

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1943. The inactivation of tomato bushy stunt virus by heating and freezing. Biochemical Journal. 37 (1), pp. 70-79. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj0370070

Methods for the purification of tomato bushy stunt and tobacco mosaic viruses

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1943. Methods for the purification of tomato bushy stunt and tobacco mosaic viruses. Biochemical Journal. 37 (1), pp. 66-70. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj0370066

A preliminary description of preparations of some of the viruses causing tobacco necrosis

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1942. A preliminary description of preparations of some of the viruses causing tobacco necrosis. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 23 (6), pp. 314-327.

The effects of heat on the serological reactions of antisera

Bawden, F. C. and Kleczkowski, A. 1942. The effects of heat on the serological reactions of antisera. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 23 (4), pp. 178-188.

The antigenicity of non-precipitating complexes

Bawden, F. C. and Kleczkowski, A. 1942. The antigenicity of non-precipitating complexes. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 23 (4), pp. 169-178.

Non-precipitating protein antigens

Bawden, F. C. and Kleczkowski, A. 1941. Non-precipitating protein antigens. Nature. 148, p. 593. https://doi.org/10.1038/148593a0

Some properties of complexes formed when antigens are heated in the presence of serologically unspecific proteins

Bawden, F. C. and Kleczkowski, A. 1941. Some properties of complexes formed when antigens are heated in the presence of serologically unspecific proteins. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 22 (4), pp. 208-219.

The serological reactions of viruses causing tobacco necrosis

Bawden, F. C. 1941. The serological reactions of viruses causing tobacco necrosis. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 22 (2), pp. 59-70.

Some properties of tobacco etch viruses

Bawden, F. C. and Kassanis, B. 1941. Some properties of tobacco etch viruses. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 28 (2), pp. 107-118. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1941.tb07544.x

The inactivation of some plant viruses by urea

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1940. The inactivation of some plant viruses by urea. Biochemical Journal. 34 (8-9), pp. 1258-1277. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj0341258

The effects of alkali and some simple organic substances on three plant viruses

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1940. The effects of alkali and some simple organic substances on three plant viruses. Biochemical Journal. 34 (8-9), pp. 1278-1292. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj0341278

The purification of insect-transmitted plant viruses

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1939. The purification of insect-transmitted plant viruses. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 20 (4), pp. 322-329.

The intracellular inclusions of some plant virus diseases

Bawden, F. C. and Sheffield, F. M. L. 1939. The intracellular inclusions of some plant virus diseases. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 26 (1), pp. 102-115. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1939.tb06959.x

Some recent work on plant viruses

Bawden, F. C. 1939. Some recent work on plant viruses. Empire Journal of Experimental Agriculture.

Plant viruses I Serological, chemical and physio-chemical properties

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1939. Plant viruses I Serological, chemical and physio-chemical properties. Tabulae Biologicae. 6, pp. 355-371.

The intracellular inclusions of some plant virus diseases

Bawden, F. C. and Sheffield, F. M. L. 1939. The intracellular inclusions of some plant virus diseases. Annals of Applied Biology - AAB. 26 (1), pp. 102-115. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1939.tb06959.x

Crystalline preparations of tomato bushy stunt virus

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1938. Crystalline preparations of tomato bushy stunt virus. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 19 (4), pp. 251-263.

A note on some protein constituents of normal tobacco and tomato leaves

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1938. A note on some protein constituents of normal tobacco and tomato leaves. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 19 (4), pp. 264-267.

A plant virus preparation in a fully crystalline state

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1938. A plant virus preparation in a fully crystalline state. Nature. 141, pp. 513-514. https://doi.org/10.1038/141513b0

Liquid crystalline preparations of potato virus “X”

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1938. Liquid crystalline preparations of potato virus “X”. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 19 (1), pp. 66-82.

Crystalline and liquid crystalline viruses

Bawden, F. C. 1938. Crystalline and liquid crystalline viruses. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences.

Discussion on recent work on heavy proteins in virus infection and its bearing on the nature of viruses

Bawden, F. C., Henderson Smith, J., McFarlane, A., Andrews, C. H., Bernal, J. D. and Garrod, L. P. 1938. Discussion on recent work on heavy proteins in virus infection and its bearing on the nature of viruses. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine-London. 31 (3), pp. 199-210.

The relationships between liquid crystalline preparations of cucumber viruses 3 and 4 and strains of tobacco mosaic virus

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1937. The relationships between liquid crystalline preparations of cucumber viruses 3 and 4 and strains of tobacco mosaic virus. British Journal of Experimental Pathology. 18 (4), pp. 275-291.

Liquid crystalline preparations of cucumber viruses 3 and 4

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1937. Liquid crystalline preparations of cucumber viruses 3 and 4. Nature. 139, pp. 546-547. https://doi.org/10.1038/139546b0

The isolation and some properties of liquid crystalline substances from solanaceous plants infected with three strains of tobacco mosaic virus

Bawden, F. C. and Pirie, N. W. 1937. The isolation and some properties of liquid crystalline substances from solanaceous plants infected with three strains of tobacco mosaic virus. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences. 123 (832), pp. 274-320. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1937.0054

Liquid crystalline substances from virus-infected plants

Bawden, F. C., Pirie, N. W., Bernal, J. D. and Fankuchen, I. 1936. Liquid crystalline substances from virus-infected plants. Nature. 138, pp. 1051-1052. https://doi.org/10.1038/1381051a0

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