Soil Dynamics and Nitrogen Absorption by a Natural Grassland Under Cow Urine and Dung Patches in an Andisol in Southern Chile

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Ramirez-Sandoval, M., Pinochet, D. and Rivero, M. J. 2022. Soil Dynamics and Nitrogen Absorption by a Natural Grassland Under Cow Urine and Dung Patches in an Andisol in Southern Chile. Agronomy. 12 (3), p. 719. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12030719

AuthorsRamirez-Sandoval, M., Pinochet, D. and Rivero, M. J.
Abstract

The objective of this study was to assess N dynamics in the soil, and the response in dry matter yield (DM yield; kg DM ha-1), N yield (g N m-2) and N concentration (g N kg-1 DM) from urine patches and dung pats and the affected zone of the grassland soil in 304 days. The N amounts under urine and dung patches increased until day 10 and then started to decrease until the end of the experiment, reaching Control treatment levels. The DM yield in the urine patch zone and the 0-10 cm zone around the dung pat was higher than Control treatment throughout the evaluated period, while in the 0-30 cm zone around the urine patch and the 10-20 cm zone around the dung pat the DM yield was negatively affected by the application of excreta. The maximum accumulated N yield was up to twice higher than Control in the 0-10 cm zone of the dung pat, while the mean concentration of N throughout the period was 42% higher than Control for the “patch urine” zone and 47% in the 0-10 cm area around the dung pat. The total absorbed N were 19 and 15% for urine and dung excreta, respectively. Further research is needed to explain the variables that would affect the results obtained and, it is necessary to evaluate the botanical composition as a supporting factor for this effect.

KeywordsDairy cow excreta; N mineralization; N accumulation in grass; Multispecies grassland
Year of Publication2022
JournalAgronomy
Journal citation12 (3), p. 719
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12030719
Web address (URL)https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4395/12/3/719
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeS2N - Soil to Nutrition - Work package 2 (WP2) - Adaptive management systems for improved efficiency and nutritional quality
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online16 Mar 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted14 Mar 2022
PublisherMDPI
ISSN2073-4395

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