Increases in the polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and -furan content of soils and vegetation since the 1840s

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Kjeller, L-O., Jones, K. C., Johnston, A. E. and Rappe, C. 1991. Increases in the polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and -furan content of soils and vegetation since the 1840s. Environmental Science & Technology. 25 (9), pp. 1619-1627.

AuthorsKjeller, L-O., Jones, K. C., Johnston, A. E. and Rappe, C.
Abstract

Archived soil samples (0-23 cm, plough layer depth)
collected from the same semirural plot in southeast England between 1846 and 1986 have been analyzed for polychlorinated (tetra to octa) dibenzo-p-dioxins and -furans
(PCDD/Fs). Atmospheric deposition will have been the
major source of PCDD/Fs to the site over this time.
PCDD/Fs were present in all the samples, and concentrations started to increase around the turn of the century,
rising from 31 to 92 ng of £PCDD/Fs (kg of soil)"1 between 1893 and 1986. Unwashed bulked herbage samples
from 1960-1970 and the 1980s contained 96 and 85 ng of
£PCDD/F kg"1 respectively, compared to 12 ng of
£PCDD/F kg'1 in a sample from 1880-1990. Average
^PCDD/F net rates of increase in the soil over the last
century were calculated as ca. 190 ng m"2 year'1. It is
suggested that the increases in soil and herbage PCDD/Fs
observed this century at Rothamsted are representative
of those likely for agricultural systems in many industrialized regions. The possible changing sources of PCDD/Fs
to the environment are discussed in the context of the
concentration trends and congener-specific observations

Year of Publication1991
JournalEnvironmental Science & Technology
Journal citation25 (9), pp. 1619-1627
Open accessPublished as non-open access
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)
ISSN0013-936X

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