A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Hawkes, G. E., Powlson, D. S., Randall, E. W. and Tate, K. R. 1984. A 31P nuclear magnetic resonance study of the phosphorus species in alkali extracts of soils from long-term field experiments. Journal of Soil Science. 35 (1), pp. 35-45.
|Authors||Hawkes, G. E., Powlson, D. S., Randall, E. W. and Tate, K. R.|
The different forms of phosphorus (P) in 0.5 m sodium hydroxide extracts of soils from long‐term field experiments at Rothamsted were characterized by 31P‐nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR).
The extract from an old grassland soil (pH 4.6) from a plot of the Park Grass Continuous Hay Experiment that had received no fertilizer or lime for at least 125 years contained the following forms of P: inorganic orthophosphate (22% of the extracted P), orthophosphate monoesters (49%), orthophosphate diesters (14%), phosphonates (3%), pyrophosphate (4%) and two unidentified forms of P (7%). The soil extract from a Park Grass plot given inorganic phosphate fertilizer (35 kg P ha−1) annually for 121 years contained the same forms of P and, in addition, a small amount of polyphosphate. There was also evidence of an increase in the orthophosphate monoester fraction.
Another old grassland soil, of pH 6.1, contained more total and organic P than Park Grass but the extract contained fewer forms of P: inorganic orthophosphate (14% of the extracted P), orthophosphate monoesters (39%), orthophosphate diesters (34%) and an unidentified form (13%). An area of this grassland that had been ploughed up 20 years previously, and kept bare since, contained less organic P. The extract contained less of the phosphate diesters but the more stable monoesters remained relatively unchanged.
|Year of Publication||1984|
|Journal||Journal of Soil Science|
|Journal citation||35 (1), pp. 35-45|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1111/j.1365-2389.1984.tb00257.x|
|Open access||Published as non-open access|
|Copyright license||Publisher copyright|
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