Chloroform fumigation and the release of soil nitrogen: the effects of fumigation time and temperature

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Brookes, P. C., Kragt, J. F., Powlson, D. S. and Jenkinson, D. S. 1985. Chloroform fumigation and the release of soil nitrogen: the effects of fumigation time and temperature. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 17 (6), pp. 831-835.

AuthorsBrookes, P. C., Kragt, J. F., Powlson, D. S. and Jenkinson, D. S.
Abstract

Fumigation with CHC13 (24 h, 25°C) increased the amount of NH4-N and total N extracted by 0.5 M K2SO4 from two soils (one arable, one grassland). The amount of N released by CHC13 increased with the duration of fumigation up to 5 days, when it levelled off. Between about 10–34% of the total N released by CHC13 was in the form of NH4-N, the proportion increasing with duration of exposure.

When a grassland soil that had received a field application of 15N-labelled fertilizer 1 yr previously was fumigated, the N released by CHC13 was 4 times more heavily labelled than the soil N as a whole. Prolonging the exposure of this soil to CHC13 increased the amount of total N released, but hardly altered the proportion of labelled N in the CHC13-released N, suggesting that N is being released from a single soil fraction. The most likely soil fraction is the soil microbial biomass. It is suggested that CHC13 does not alter the K2SO4-extractability of soil-N fractions other than microbial N and that the extra N released by CHC13 and extracted by K2SO4 gives a direct measure of soil microbial biomass N.

In contrast to fumigation done at lower temperatures, less total N was released by soil fumigated at 60°C, or above, than was released from unfumigated soil held at the same temperature. The greater release of N in the non-fumigated soils above 60°C could have been due to soil enzymic processes which were inhibited by CHC13 in the fumigated soil.

Year of Publication1985
JournalSoil Biology and Biochemistry
Journal citation17 (6), pp. 831-835
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/0038-0717(85)90143-9
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Output statusPublished
Publication process dates
Accepted14 May 1985
Copyright licensePublisher copyright
PublisherElsevier
ISSN0038-0717

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