Deep soil water storage varies with vegetation type and rainfall amount in the Loess Plateau of China

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Cao, R, Jia, X., Huang, L., Zhu, Y., Wu, L. and Shao, M. 2018. Deep soil water storage varies with vegetation type and rainfall amount in the Loess Plateau of China. Scientific Reports. 8 (12346).

AuthorsCao, R, Jia, X., Huang, L., Zhu, Y., Wu, L. and Shao, M.
Abstract

Soil-water storage in a deep soil layer (SWSD), defined as the layer where soil water is not sensitive to daily evapotranspiration and regular rainfall events, functions as a soil reservoir in China’s Loess Plateau (LP). We investigated spatial variations and factors that influence the SWSD in the 100–500 cm layers across the entire plateau. SWSD generally decreased from southeast to northwest following precipitation gradient, with a mean value of 587 mm. The spatial variation in the SWSD in grassland was the highest, followed by protection forests, production forests and cropland. Variation in the >550 mm rainfall zone was much lower than that in the <550 mm zone. The significant influencing variables explained 22.3–65.2% of the spatial variation in SWSD. The joint effect of local and climatic variables accounted for most of the explained spatial variation of SWSD for each vegetation type and the <450 mm rainfall zone. Spatial variation of SWSD, however, was dominantly controlled by the local variables in the 450–550 and the >550 mm rainfall zones. Therefore, regional models of SWSD for a specific vegetation need to incorporate climatic, soil and topographic variables, while for a rainfall zone, land use should not be ignored.

Year of Publication2018
JournalScientific Reports
Journal citation8 (12346)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1038/s41598-018-30850-7
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
FunderNatural Environment Research Council
Funder project or codeModelling and managing critical zone relationships between soil, water and ecosystem processes across the Loess Plateau
Publication dates
Online17 Aug 2018
Publication process dates
Accepted12 Jun 2018
PublisherNature Publishing Group
Copyright licenseCC BY
ISSN2045-2322

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