Prediction of storm‐based nutrient loss incorporating the estimated runoff and soil loss at a slope scale on the Loess Plateau

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Shi, W., Huang, M. and Wu, L. 2018. Prediction of storm‐based nutrient loss incorporating the estimated runoff and soil loss at a slope scale on the Loess Plateau. Land Degradation & Development. 29 (9), pp. 2899-2910.

AuthorsShi, W., Huang, M. and Wu, L.
Abstract

Soil nutrient loss driven by soil erosion and runoff leads to land degradation, thereby decreasing soil productivity and crop yield. Nutrient loss modelling is an important tool for designing efficient soil and water conservation practices that alleviate land degradation. We proposed a framework to integrate newly developed models for sediment‐bound nutrient loss and runoff‐associated nutrient loss with the modified storm‐based Chinese soil loss equation model and modified Soil Conservation Service curve number model to predict particulate nutrient losses of nitrogen (N), carbon (C), and phosphorus (P) and soluble nutrient losses of P and nitrate. The data collected from the literature included 330 storm events with experimental plot measurements of runoff, sediment, and particulate and soluble nutrient losses conducted on slopes in Loess Plateau; and these data were used to calibrate and assess model performances. The accuracies of the model estimations were examined with the Nash–Sutcliffe efficiency (NSE). The proposed models with optimized parameters showed high NSE for particulate N (98.5%), C (98.9%), and P (99.8%) and soluble P (95.8%) and nitrate (85.4%) when compared with the literature‐reported measured losses. To test the models, independent literature data were compared with model‐estimated values. The comparison showed agreement between the estimated and observed data with NSEs of 74.4%, 63.7%, 86.3%, 63.6%, and 66.7% for particulate N, C, P, soluble P, and nitrate, respectively.

KeywordsNutrient loss model ; Soil erosion; Soil loss model; Surface runoff
Year of Publication2018
JournalLand Degradation & Development
Journal citation29 (9), pp. 2899-2910
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1002/ldr.3028
Open accessPublished as non-open access
FunderNatural Environment Research Council
Funder project or codeModelling and managing critical zone relationships between soil, water and ecosystem processes across the Loess Plateau
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online25 May 2018
Publication process dates
Accepted19 May 2018
Copyright licensePublisher copyright
PublisherWiley
ISSN1085-3278

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