Quantifying the spatio-temporal drivers of planned vegetation restoration on ecosystem services at a large regional scale

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Liu, Y., Lu, Y., Fu, B-J., Harris, P. and Wu, L. 2019. Quantifying the spatio-temporal drivers of planned vegetation restoration on ecosystem services at a large regional scale. Science of the Total Environment. 650 (1), pp. 1029-1040.

AuthorsLiu, Y., Lu, Y., Fu, B-J., Harris, P. and Wu, L.
Abstract

Vegetation restoration often has a significant effect on the supply of an ecosystem service (ES). Assessment of this
effect is crucial for informed decision-making in sustainable ecosystem management. In this respect, this study
analyses three regulating, two provisioning, and a single cultural ES over a 30-year period (1985 to 2015, with
15 years pre-restoration and 15 years post-restoration) in the Loess Plateau, China, using data from a combination
of modelling and statistical yearbooks. On applying a suite of standard statistical tools, results indicate: (1) regional
scale restoration promotes the increase of vegetation cover as the coverage increased faster between 2000
and 2015 than between 1985 and 2000; (2) vegetation restoration changes the temporal trend of regulating ESs,
and enhances the supply of provisioning and cultural ESs; (3) the 40 municipalities of the Loess Plateau can be
divided into four ES categories where areas with poor ES delivery account for about 30% of the Loess Plateau;
(4) vegetation restoration changes the interaction among ESs, resulting in synergistic relationships between provisioning
and regulating ESs; (5) precipitation has a significant impact on regulating ESs, while population density
is critical for provisioning and cultural ESs. This study demonstrates that ESs, their interactions and their
groupings can change across both time and space following the implementation of a vegetation restoration programme,
which makes understanding ES dynamics complicated. Recommendations are provided for improved
and coherent ecosystem management.

KeywordsVegetation restoration; Ecosystems service bundle; K-means cluster analysis; Redundancy analysis; Regional scale
Year of Publication2019
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Journal citation650 (1), pp. 1029-1040
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.082
Open accessPublished as non-open access
FunderBBSRC Newton funding
Funder project or codeModelling and managing critical zone relationships between soil, water and ecosystem processes across the Loess Plateau
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online07 Sep 2018
Publication process dates
Accepted06 Sep 2018
PublisherElsevier Science Bv
Copyright licenseCC BY
ISSN0048-9697

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