Phloem translocation of strong acids - glyphosate, substituted phosphonic and sulfonic acids - in Ricinus communis L

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Bromilow, R. H., Chamberlain, K., Tench, A. J. and Williams, R. H. 1993. Phloem translocation of strong acids - glyphosate, substituted phosphonic and sulfonic acids - in Ricinus communis L. Pesticide Science. 37 (1), pp. 39-47.

AuthorsBromilow, R. H., Chamberlain, K., Tench, A. J. and Williams, R. H.
Abstract

The mobility in phloem of several substituted phosphonic acids and a sulfonic acid was studied in the castor bean plant, Ricinus communis L. For a series of C-14-labelled phosphonate mono-esters applied to the petioles of mature leaves, phloem transport was modest, becoming poor over longer distances in the plant. Substituted phenylphosphonic acids were more efficiently moved in phloem; uptake from the petiole and subsequent redistribution were slow, but these dibasic compounds were very stable in plants and substantial amounts reached the roots after 72 to 120 h. Glyphosate was very efficiently transported to phloem sinks even within 24 h, with high concentrations in phloem sap. Toluene-4-sulfonic acid moved predominantly in the xylem to the mature leaves and its phloem transport was poor. Transport patterns are considered in relation to the physico-chemical properties of the compounds. Ion trapping appears to play little part in the phloem transport of these strong acids, though the good accumulation and transport in phloem of the complex molecule glyphosate cannot at present be explained.

KeywordsAgronomy; Entomology
Year of Publication1993
JournalPesticide Science
Journal citation37 (1), pp. 39-47
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1002/ps.2780370107
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code233
ISSN0031613X
PublisherWiley

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