Uptake by roots and translocation to shoots of two morpholine fungicides in barley

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Chamberlain, K., Patel, S. and Bromilow, R. H. 1998. Uptake by roots and translocation to shoots of two morpholine fungicides in barley. Pesticide Science. 54 (1), pp. 1-7.

AuthorsChamberlain, K., Patel, S. and Bromilow, R. H.

Despite being lipophilic, morpholine fungicides are systemic in plants. Such transport may be explicable by their protonation (pKa similar to 7.5) at the pH of plant compartments to yield the more polar cation. This behaviour might be a useful attribute to be incorporated into other classes of lipophilic pesticides. To understand quantitatively the behaviour of the morpholine fungicides, the uptake by roots and transport to shoots in barley of two such C-14-labelled compounds, dodemorph and tridemorph, were investigated using bathing solutions of differing pH. At pH 5, uptake and transport were small, but increased by approximately two orders of magnitude at pH 8. Tridemorph, the more lipophilic of the two compounds, was highly accumulated by roots at pH 8 and moderately translocated to shoots. In contrast, dodemorph was translocated to shoots at pH 8 with remarkable efficiency, moving into the xylem across the endodermis at 23 times the efficiency of water, though accumulation in roots was less than that of tridemorph. Behaviour at 24 h was largely similar to that at 48 h for both compounds, indicating that uptake and translocation are equilibrium processes maintained over time. Transport to shoots for each compound was directly proportional to the concentrations accumulated in the roots, except at low pH where partitioning into root solids became proportionately more important with such material not being directly available for transport to the xylem across the endodermis. Uptake and transport of these basic fungicides are explained in terms of their partitioning and of their accumulation in acidic plant compartments by ion trapping as the protonated form; this behaviour is discussed in relation to the pKa and lipophilicity of these compounds. (C) 1998 Society of Chemical Industry.

KeywordsAgronomy; Entomology
Year of Publication1998
JournalPesticide Science
Journal citation54 (1), pp. 1-7
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-9063(199809)54:1<1::AID-PS792>3.0.CO;2-O
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code233
Project: 051373
Project: 051574

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