Protecting Crops and the Environment

TitleProtecting Crops and the Environment
TypeScience Department
InstituteRothamsted Research
HeadJulian Smith
Executive AssistantSheila Bishop

Outputs

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Applying genetic technologies to combat infectious diseases in aquaculture

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Robinson, N. A., Robledo, D., Sveen, L., Daniels, R. R., Krasnov, A., Coates, A., Jin, Y. H., Barrett, L. T., Lillehammer, M., Kettunen, A. H., Phillips, B. L., Dempster, T., Doeschl-Wilson, A., Samsing, F., Difford, G., Salisbury, S., Gjerde, B., Haugen, J., Burgerhout, E., Dagnachew, B. S., Kurian, D., Fast, M. D., Rye, M., Salazar, M., Bron, J. E., Monaghan, S. J., Jacq, C., Birkett, M. A., Browman, H. I., Skiftesvik, A. B., Fields, D. M., Selander, E., Bui, S., Sonesson, A., Skugor, S., Knutsdatter Ostbye, T-K. and Houston, R. D. 2022. Applying genetic technologies to combat infectious diseases in aquaculture. Reviews in Aquaculture. pp. 1-45. https://doi.org/10.1111/raq.12733

Apoplastic and vascular defences

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Darino, M., Kanyuka, K. and Hammond-Kosack, K. E. 2022. Apoplastic and vascular defences. Essays in Biochemistry. p. EBC20220159. https://doi.org/10.1042/EBC20220159

Impact of endophytic colonization by entomopathogenic fungi on the behavior and life history of the tobacco peach aphid Myzus persicae var. nicotianae

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Vuts, J., Wilberts, L., Caulfield, J. C., Thomas, G., Birkett, M. A., Herrera-Malaver, B., Verstrepen, K. J., Sobhy, I. S., Jacquemyn, H. and Lievens, B. 2022. Impact of endophytic colonization by entomopathogenic fungi on the behavior and life history of the tobacco peach aphid Myzus persicae var. nicotianae. PLOS ONE. 17, p. e0273791. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0273791

Genetic analysis of Colletotrichum siamense populations from different hosts and counties in Hainan, China using microsatellite markers.

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Cao, X., Zhang, Q., He, Y., Che, H., Lin, Y., Luo, D., West, J. S. and Xu, X. 2022. Genetic analysis of Colletotrichum siamense populations from different hosts and counties in Hainan, China using microsatellite markers. Plant Disease. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-03-22-0576-RE

Development and characterization of microsatellite markers for the rubber tree powdery mildew pathogen Oidium heveae

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Han, Q., He, Y., Che, H., Luo, D., West, J. S. and Cao, X. 2022. Development and characterization of microsatellite markers for the rubber tree powdery mildew pathogen Oidium heveae. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 164, pp. 253-262. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-022-02555-1

The effect of soil type on yield and macro- and micronutrient content of a wide range of pasture species

N - Datasets
Darch, T., Blackwell, M. S. A., Hood, J., Lee, M. R. F., Storkey, J., Beaumont, D. A. and McGrath, S. P. 2022. The effect of soil type on yield and macro- and micronutrient content of a wide range of pasture species. Rothamsted Research. https://doi.org/10.23637/rothamsted.989q8

Elemental concentrations and growth characteristics of wild-type and cultivated varieties of pasture species

N - Datasets
Darch, T., McGrath, S. P., Lee, M. R. F., Beaumont, D. A., Blackwell, M. S. A., Horrocks, C. A., Hood, J. and Storkey, J. 2022. Elemental concentrations and growth characteristics of wild-type and cultivated varieties of pasture species. Rothamsted Research. https://doi.org/10.23637/rothamsted.989q7

Farmland Carabids identification guide

E - Books edited/written by staff member, alone/with others
Jowett, K. 2022. Farmland Carabids identification guide. Harpenden Rothamsted Research.

An overlooked mechanism underlying the attenuated temperature response of soil heterotrophic respiration

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Zhang, X., Whalley, P. A., Gregory, A. S., Whalley, W. R., Coleman, K., Neal, A. L., Mooney, S. J., Soga, K. and Illangasekare, T. H. 2022. An overlooked mechanism underlying the attenuated temperature response of soil heterotrophic respiration. Journal of the Royal Society Interface. 19 (192), p. 20220276. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2022.0276

A heteroskedastic model of park grass spring hay yields in response to weather suggests continuing yield decline with climate change in future decades

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Addy, J. W. G., Ellis, R. H., MacLaren, C., Macdonald, A. J., Semenov, M. A. and Mead, A. 2022. A heteroskedastic model of park grass spring hay yields in response to weather suggests continuing yield decline with climate change in future decades. Journal of the Royal Society Interface. 19, p. 20220361. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2022.0361

Priorities for UK soils

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Peake, L. R., Dawson, L. A., Price, J. P. N., Aller, M. F., Bhogal, A., Doody, D. G., Gregory, A. S. and McKinley, J. M. 2022. Priorities for UK soils. Geoderma Regional. 29, p. e00512. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geodrs.2022.e00512

P450 gene duplication and divergence led to the evolution of dual novel functions and insecticide cross-resistance in the brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Duarte, A., Pym, A., Garrood, W. T., Troczka, B. J., Zimmer, C. T., Davies, T. G. E., Nauen, R., O'Reilly, O. A. and Bass, C. G. 2022. P450 gene duplication and divergence led to the evolution of dual novel functions and insecticide cross-resistance in the brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens. PLOS Genetics. 18 (6), p. e1010279. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1010279

The role of long-term experiments in validating trait-based approaches to achieving multifunctionality in grasslands

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Storkey, J. and Macdonald, A. J. 2022. The role of long-term experiments in validating trait-based approaches to achieving multifunctionality in grasslands. Frontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering - FASE. 9 (2), pp. 187-196. https://doi.org/10.15302/J-FASE-2021438

Development of Plant-Based Vaccines for Prevention of Avian Influenza and Newcastle Disease in Poultry.

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Nurzijah, I., Elbohy, O. A., Kanyuka, K., Daly, J. M. and Dunham, S. 2022. Development of Plant-Based Vaccines for Prevention of Avian Influenza and Newcastle Disease in Poultry. Vaccines. 10 (3), p. 478. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines10030478

An Integrated Weed Management framework: A pan-European perspective

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Riemens, M., Sonderskov, M., Moonen, A-C., Storkey, J. and Kudsk, P. 2022. An Integrated Weed Management framework: A pan-European perspective. European Journal of Agronomy. 133, p. 126443. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2021.126443

Atmospheric transport reveals grass pollen dispersion distances

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Frisk, C. A., Apangu, G., Petch, G. M., Adams-Groom, B. and Skjoth, C. A. 2022. Atmospheric transport reveals grass pollen dispersion distances. Science of the Total Environment. 814, p. 152806. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.152806

Long-term fertilization enhances soil carbon stability by increasing the ratio of passive carbon - evidence from four typical croplands

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Zhou, W., Wen, S., Zhang, Y., Gregory, A. S., Xu, M., Shah, S. A. A., Zhang, W., Wu, H. and Hartley, I. P. 2022. Long-term fertilization enhances soil carbon stability by increasing the ratio of passive carbon - evidence from four typical croplands. Plant and Soil. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-022-05488-0

Yearly occurrence of 544 species of moths (UK 1990-2019), with trait values and putative environmental drivers.

N - Datasets
Bourhis, Y., Bell, J. R., Shortall, C. R. and Milne, A. E. 2022. Yearly occurrence of 544 species of moths (UK 1990-2019), with trait values and putative environmental drivers. Rothamsted Research. https://doi.org/10.23637/rothamsted.988z5

Development of a Synthetic Floral Lure for Pollen Beetles (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae)

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Vuts, J., Szarukan, I., Marczali, Z., Csonka, E. B., Nagy, A., Szilagyi, A. and Toth, M. 2022. Development of a Synthetic Floral Lure for Pollen Beetles (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae). Acta Phytopathologica Entomologica Hungarica. 57 (1), pp. 67-77. https://doi.org/10.1556/038.2022.00144

Modelling the Persistence of Weed Populations

B - Book chapters etc edited externally
Storkey, J., Gardarin, A., Colbach, N., Metcalfe, H. and Milne, A. E. 2022. Modelling the Persistence of Weed Populations. in: Upadhyaya, M. K., Clements, D. R. and Shrestha, A. (ed.) Persistence Strategies of Weeds Wiley. pp. Chapter 9

Neotropical maize genotypes with different levels of benzoxazinoids affect fall armyworm development

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Michereff, M., Nascimento, I. N., Santana, G. T., Sarria, A. L. F., Borges, M., Laumann, R. A., Withall, D., Caulfield, J. C., Birkett, M. A. and Blassioli-Moraes, C. 2022. Neotropical maize genotypes with different levels of benzoxazinoids affect fall armyworm development. Physiological Entomology. https://doi.org/10.1111/phen.12392

Grazing management, slope aspect and canopy effects on the compression characteristic of soils of the Gonbad experimental watershed in Hamedan, Iran

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Bayat, H., Sheklabadi, M., Moradhaseli, M., Rastgou, M. and Gregory, A. S. 2022. Grazing management, slope aspect and canopy effects on the compression characteristic of soils of the Gonbad experimental watershed in Hamedan, Iran. Geoderma. 409 (1 March), p. 115641. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2021.115641

After carbonaria: melanic moth frequencies in the Rothamsted Insect Survey

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Cook, L. M. and Shortall, C. R. 2022. After carbonaria: melanic moth frequencies in the Rothamsted Insect Survey. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 136 (1), pp. 127-134. https://doi.org/10.1093/biolinnean/blac030

A Deep Learning Application to Map Weed Spatial Extent from Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Imagery

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Fraccaro, P., Butt, J., Edwards, B., Freckleton, R. P., Childs, D. Z., Reusch, K. and Comont, D. 2022. A Deep Learning Application to Map Weed Spatial Extent from Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Imagery. Remote Sensing. 14 (17), p. 4197. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14174197

Where and why are species’ range shifts hampered by unsuitable landscapes?

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Hodgson, J., Randle, Z., Shortall, C. R. and Oliver, T. 2022. Where and why are species’ range shifts hampered by unsuitable landscapes? Global Change Biology. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.16220

Dissecting weed adaptation: fitness and trait correlations in herbicide resistant Alopecurus myosuroides

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Comont, D., Macgregor, D., Crook, L., Hull, R. I., Nguyen, L., Freckleton, R. P., Childs, D. Z. and Neve, P. 2022. Dissecting weed adaptation: fitness and trait correlations in herbicide resistant Alopecurus myosuroides. Pest Management Science. https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.6930

Estimating Soil Water Retention Curve by Extreme Learning Machine, Radial Basis Function, M5 Tree and Modified Group Method of Data Handling Approaches

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Rastgou, M., Bayat, H., Mansoorizadeh, M. and Gregory, A. S. 2022. Estimating Soil Water Retention Curve by Extreme Learning Machine, Radial Basis Function, M5 Tree and Modified Group Method of Data Handling Approaches. Water Resources Research. 58 (4), p. e2021WR031059. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021WR031059

Enantiomeric Discrimination in Insects: The Role of OBPs and ORs

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Sims, C., Birkett, M. A. and Withall, D. 2022. Enantiomeric Discrimination in Insects: The Role of OBPs and ORs. Insects. 13 (4), p. 368. https://doi.org/10.3390/insects13040368

Moth declines are most severe in broadleaf woodlands despite a net gain in habitat availability

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Blumgart, D., Botham, M. S., Menendez, R. and Bell, J. R. 2022. Moth declines are most severe in broadleaf woodlands despite a net gain in habitat availability. Insect Conservation and Diversity. https://doi.org/10.1111/icad.12578

Moth declines are most severe in broadleaf woodlands despite a net gain in habitat availability - data and code for analysis

N - Datasets
Blumgart, D., Botham, M., Menéndez, R. and Bell, J. R. 2022. Moth declines are most severe in broadleaf woodlands despite a net gain in habitat availability - data and code for analysis. Rothamsted Research. https://doi.org/10.23637/rothamsted.98852

Computational investigation of aphid odorant receptor structure and binding function

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Sims, C., Withall, D., Oldham, N., Stockman, R. and Birkett, M. A. 2022. Computational investigation of aphid odorant receptor structure and binding function. Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics. https://doi.org/10.1080/07391102.2022.2053743

Likelihood of Extreme Early Flight of Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Across the UK

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Hemming, D., Bell, J. R., Collier, R., Dunbar, T., Dunstone, N., Everatt, M., Eyre, D., Kaye, N., Korycinska, A., Pickup, J. and Scaife, A. A. 2022. Likelihood of Extreme Early Flight of Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Across the UK. Journal of Economic Entomology. p. toac012. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toac012

Carabids for Natural-Enemy Pest Control: combining ecology and knowledge exchange to bridge the gaps

F - Theses
Jowett, K. 2022. Carabids for Natural-Enemy Pest Control: combining ecology and knowledge exchange to bridge the gaps. F - Theses

Communicating Carabids: Engaging farmers to encourage uptake of Integrated Pest Management.

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Jowett, K., Milne, A. E., Potts, S. G., Senapathi, D. and Storkey, J. 2022. Communicating Carabids: Engaging farmers to encourage uptake of Integrated Pest Management. Pest Management Science. 78 (6), pp. 2477-2491. https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.6878

Counts of melanic forms of three species of moth in the Rothamsted Insect Survey light-trap network

N - Datasets
Shortall, C. R. and Cook, L. 2022. Counts of melanic forms of three species of moth in the Rothamsted Insect Survey light-trap network. Rothamsted Research. https://doi.org/10.23637/rothamsted.98810

A Near-Chromosome Level Genome Assembly of the European Hoverfly, Sphaerophoria Rueppellii (Diptera: Syrphidae), and a Comparative Analysis of Insecticide Resistance-Related Gene Families in Hemipteran Crop Pests and Pollinators

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Bailey, E., Field, L. M., Rawlings, C. J., King, R., Mohareb, F., Hassani-Pak, K., Hughes, D. J., Williamson, M. S., Ganko, E., Buer, B. and Nauen, R. 2022. A Near-Chromosome Level Genome Assembly of the European Hoverfly, Sphaerophoria Rueppellii (Diptera: Syrphidae), and a Comparative Analysis of Insecticide Resistance-Related Gene Families in Hemipteran Crop Pests and Pollinators. BMC Genomics. 23 (1), p. 198. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-022-08436-5

The potential of fluorescence imaging to distinguish insect pest and non-pest species

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Shortall, C. R., Perryman, S. A. M., Halsey, K. and West, J. S. 2022. The potential of fluorescence imaging to distinguish insect pest and non-pest species. Outlooks on Pest Management. 33 (1 February), pp. 13-16(4). https://doi.org/10.1564/v33_feb_05

A comprehensive sugar beet virus yellows model

G - Articles in popular magazines and other technical publications
Bell, J. R. and Mead, A. 2022. A comprehensive sugar beet virus yellows model. British Sugar Beet Review. 90, pp. 12-15.

Ensembl Genomes 2022: an expanding genome resource for non-vertebrates

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Yates, A. D., Allen, J., Amode, R. M., Azov, A. G., Barba, M., Becerra, A., Bhai, J., Campbell, L. I., Carbajo Martinez, M., Chakiachvili, M, Chougule, K., Christensen, M., Contreras-Moreira, B., Cuzick, A., Fioretto, L. D. R., Davis, P., Silva, N. H. D., Diamantakis, S., Dyer, S., Elser, J., Filippi, C. V., Gall, A., Grigoriadis, D., Guijarro-Clarke, C., Gupta, P., Hammond-Kosack, K. E., Howe, K. L., Jaiswal, P., Kaikala, V., Kumar, V., Kumari, S., Langridge, N., Le, T., Luypaert, M., Maslen, G. L., Maurel, T., Moore, B., Muffato, M., Mushtaq, A., Naamati, G., Naithani, S., Olson, A., Parker, A., Paulini, M., Pedro, H., Perry, E., Preece, J., Quinton-Tulloch, M., Rodgers, F., Rosello, M., Ruffier, M., Seager, J., Sitnik, V., Szpak, M., Tate, J., Tello-Ruiz, M. K., Trevanion, S. J., Urban, M., Ware, D., Wei, S., Williams, G., Winterbottom, A., Zarowiecki, M., Finn, R. D. and Flicek, P. 2022. Ensembl Genomes 2022: an expanding genome resource for non-vertebrates. Nucleic Acids Research. 50 (D1), pp. D996-D1003. https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkab1007

A scaffold-level genome assembly of a minute pirate bug, Orius laevigatus, and a comparative analysis of insecticide resistance-related gene families with hemipteran crop pests

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Bailey, E., Field, L. M., Rawlings, C. J., King, R., Mahareb, F., Hassani-Pak, K., Hughes, D. J., Williamson, M. S., Ganko, E., Buer, B. and Nauen, R. 2022. A scaffold-level genome assembly of a minute pirate bug, Orius laevigatus, and a comparative analysis of insecticide resistance-related gene families with hemipteran crop pests. BMC Genomics. 23 (45). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-021-08249-y