A novel technique to determine organic processes in pig wastes

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Hobbs, P. J., Johnson, R. H. and Chadwick, D. R. 1999. A novel technique to determine organic processes in pig wastes. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture - jsfa. 79 (2), pp. 199-205.

AuthorsHobbs, P. J., Johnson, R. H. and Chadwick, D. R.
Abstract

Complex processes concerning declining concentration of organic matter within pig wastes have been investigated using deuterated phenol (d(5)) and acetic acid (d(4)) over a ten day period. Decomposition rates of products responsible for odours and pollution were also quantified. These products included the volatile fatty acids, phenols and indoles as well as gaseous methane and carbon dioxide. The last two were quantified in the headspace flow to assess methanogenesis and the activity of bacteria. The relative rates of emission, production and bio-decay were calculated as exponential curves showing that acetic acid was lost through emission and bio-decay with half lives of 158 h and 95 h, respectively. Bio-production of acetic acid was very low. The emission rate of methane was 4.0 g m(-3) d(-1). The ratio of methane generated to the bio-decay of acetic acid concentration was 1:66. The decline of acetic acid in slurry was shown to be a concentration-dependent process. Other volatile fatty acids demonstrated similar declining concentration characteristics but at a lesser rate. This was also the case for 4-methyl phenol with a half life of 495 h. However phenol demonstrated different declining concentration and production characteristics with a maximum concentration of 85 mg l(-1) at 175 h. Carbon dioxide was produced at a greater rate than acetic acid was lost from the slurry (a ratio of 1.88:1.0). Ammonia was emitted at a rate of 4.7 g m(-2) d(-1). (C) 1999 Society of Chemical Industry.

KeywordsAgriculture, Multidisciplinary; Chemistry, Applied; Food Science & Technology
Year of Publication1999
JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture - jsfa
Journal citation79 (2), pp. 199-205
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199902)79:2<199::AID-JSFA158>3.0.CO;2-3
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code59
Project: 2460 4412
ISSN00225142
0022-5142
PublisherWiley

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