Quantification of priming and CO2 emission sources following the application of different slurry particle size fractions to a grassland soil

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Fangueiro, D., Chadwick, D. R., Dixon, E. R. and Bol, R. 2007. Quantification of priming and CO2 emission sources following the application of different slurry particle size fractions to a grassland soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 39 (10), pp. 2608-2620.

AuthorsFangueiro, D., Chadwick, D. R., Dixon, E. R. and Bol, R.
Abstract

The highest emissions of CO2 from soils and most pronounced priming effect (PE) from soils generally occur immediately after slurry application. However, the influence of different particle size slurry fractions on net soil C respiration dynamics and PE has not been studied. Therefore, a slurry separation technique based on particle sizes was used in the present study. Six distinct fractions (>2000, 425–2000, 250–425, 150–250, 45–150, <45 μm) were generated from two dairy slurries (one from cows fed a predominantly maize silage diet and the other from cows fed a grass silage diet) were applied to soil. During the first days of the 332 days experiment, all slurry fraction amendments significantly increased soil CO2 effluxes (by 2–8 times) compared to the non-amended control. The increased CO2 emission rates had a negative relationship with slurry particle size, but its duration was positively correlated with slurry particle size. The percentage of the cumulative CO2 emitted was only higher in the first 8 days in the finest slurry particle sizes (<150 μm). The proportion of slurry-derived C emitted as CO2 2 h after addition to soil varied between 29% and 100% of total emitted CO2-C. Generally, the proportion of slurry-derived C emitted initially decreased rapidly in the <250 μm fractions, but decreased more slowly or even increased in the >250 μm fractions. The overall contribution of slurry C to total CO2 emissions was higher in smaller slurry particle size treatments in the first days after application. The addition of the various slurry fractions to soil caused both significant positive and negative PEs on the soil organic matter mineralization. The timing and type (positive or negative) of PE depended on the slurry particle size. Clearly, farm based separation pre-treatment leading to two or more fractions with different particle sizes has also the potential to reduce or modify short-term CO2 emissions immediately after slurry application to soil.

Year of Publication2007
JournalSoil Biology and Biochemistry
Journal citation39 (10), pp. 2608-2620
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2007.05.012
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or codeAir & Climate (AC)
Soil & Water Interactions (SWI)
Grassland, Environment and Soil Systems (GESS)
ISSN0038-0717
PublisherElsevier

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