Managing resistance to the insect growth regulator, pyriproxyfen, in Bemisia tabaci

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Horowitz, A. R., Mendelson, Z., Cahill, M. R., Denholm, I. and Ishaaya, I. 1999. Managing resistance to the insect growth regulator, pyriproxyfen, in Bemisia tabaci. Pesticide Science. 55 (3), pp. 272-276.

AuthorsHorowitz, A. R., Mendelson, Z., Cahill, M. R., Denholm, I. and Ishaaya, I.
Abstract

The insect growth regulator pyriproxyfen (a juvenoid) effectively inhibits the hatching of eggs of the tobacco or cotton whitefly, Bemisia tabaci, as well as causing pupal mortality. Since 1991, this insecticide has been one of the main agents for controlling B tabaci on Israeli cotton. Seasonal trends of susceptibility to pyriproxyfen in field populations were monitored from June (prior to treatment) through late summer at different locations in Israel. After seven years of pyriproxyfen use within an insecticide resistance management strategy that limits this insecticide to a single application per season, susceptibility has been maintained in many areas. In other locations where pyriproxyfen had been used against geographically isolated populations of B tabaci, moderate to high levels of resistance have been observed. Ecological and agronomic factors that may contribute to geographical variation in selection for resistance are discussed. The dynamics of pyriproxyfen-susceptible and -resistant populations of B tabaci following a single application of pyriproxyfen were investigated under simulated field conditions in the laboratory. The susceptible population was suppressed very effectively, whereas effects of pyriproxyfen against the resistant population were much more transient. Differences in the productivity of susceptible and resistant strains in the absence of pyriproxyfen treatment could reflect a fitness cost accounting for observed reductions in resistance levels between seasons in the held. They may also explain why, following a recent reduction in the use of pyriproxyfen in cotton fields, resistance in 1998 declined to levels observed in 1995/6. (C) 1999 Society of Chemical Industry.

KeywordsAgronomy; Entomology
Year of Publication1999
JournalPesticide Science
Journal citation55 (3), pp. 272-276
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-9063(199903)55:3<272::AID-PS908>3.3.CO;2-P
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code438
Project: 000000
ISSN0031613X
PublisherWiley

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