Resistance of insect pests to neonicotinoid insecticides: current status and future prospects

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Nauen, R. and Denholm, I. 2005. Resistance of insect pests to neonicotinoid insecticides: current status and future prospects. Archives Of Insect Biochemistry And Physiology. 58 (4), pp. 200-215.

AuthorsNauen, R. and Denholm, I.

The first neonicotinoid insecticide introduced to the market was imidocloprid in 1991 followed by several others belonging to the some chemical class and with the some mode of action. The development of neonicotinoid insecticides has provided growers with invaluable new tools for managing some of the world's most destructive crop pests, primarily those of the order Hemiptera (aphids, whiteflies, and planthoppers) and Coleoptera (beetles), including species with a long history of resistance to earlier-used products. To date, neonicotinoids have proved relatively resilient to the development of resistance, especially when considering aphids such as Myzus persicae and Phorodon humuli. Although the susceptibility of M. persicae may vary up to 20-fold between populations, this does not appear to compromise the field performance of neonicotinoids. Stronger resistance has been confirmed in some populations of the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci, and the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarso decemlineata. Resistance in B- and Q-type B. tabaci appears to be linked to enhanced oxidative detoxification of neonicotinoids due to overexpression of monooxygenases. No evidence for target-site resistance has been found in whiteflies, whereas the possibility of target-site resistance in L. decemlineata is being investigated further. Strategies to combat neonicatinoid resistance must take account of the cross-resistance characteristics of these mechanisms, the ecology of target pests on different host plants, and the implications of increasing diversification of the neonicotinoid market due to a continuing introduction of new molecules. (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

KeywordsBiochemistry & Molecular Biology; Entomology; Physiology
Year of Publication2005
JournalArchives Of Insect Biochemistry And Physiology
Journal citation58 (4), pp. 200-215
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
PubMed ID15756698
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code510
Ecological genetics and management of insecticide resistance

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