Andy Whitmore

NameAndy Whitmore
Job titlePrincipal Research Scientist - Agricultural Systems Modeller
Email addressandy.whitmore@rothamsted.ac.uk
DepartmentSustainable Agriculture Sciences Harpenden
Research clusterSAS-H: Systems Modelling
ORCIDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8984-1436
Preferred citationWhitmore, A. P.
OfficeHarpenden

Research outputs

Multi-objective optimization as a tool to identify possibilities for future agricultural landscapes

Todman, L. C., Coleman, K., Milne, A. E., Gil, J. D. B., Reidsma, P., Schwoob, M-H., Treyer, S. and Whitmore, A. P. 2019. Multi-objective optimization as a tool to identify possibilities for future agricultural landscapes. Science of the Total Environment. 687 (15 October), pp. 535-545.

Exploring future food provision scenarios for China

Ma, L., Bai, Z., Ma, M., Guo, M., Jiang, R., Liu, J., Oenema, O., Velthof, G. L., Whitmore, A. P., Crawford, J. W., Dobermann, A., Schwoob, M. and Zhang, F. 2019. Exploring future food provision scenarios for China. Environmental Science & Technology. 53 (3), pp. 1385-1393.

Accounting for data sparsity when forming spatially coherent zones

Hassall, K. L., Whitmore, A. P. and Milne, A. E. 2019. Accounting for data sparsity when forming spatially coherent zones. Applied Mathematical Modelling. 72, pp. 537-552.

Sustainable Development Goal 2: improved targets and indicators for agriculture and food security

Juliana Dias Bernandes Gil, Pytrik Reidsma, Ken Giller, Lindsay Todman, Whitmore, A. P. and Martin van Ittersum 2019. Sustainable Development Goal 2: improved targets and indicators for agriculture and food security . Ambio. 48 (7), pp. 685-698.

Soil bulk density impacts on root water potential and ABA export in drying soil

Donaldson, S., Dodd, I. C. and Whitmore, A. P. 2018. Soil bulk density impacts on root water potential and ABA export in drying soil. Acta Horticulturae. 1197 (1197), pp. 15-22.

Nitrogen fertiliser replacement values for organic amendments appear to increase with N application rates

Hijbeek, R., Ten Berge, H. F. M., Whitmore, A. P., Barkusky, D., Schröder, J. J. and Van Ittersum, M. K. 2018. Nitrogen fertiliser replacement values for organic amendments appear to increase with N application rates. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. 110 (1), pp. 105-115.

Evidence for functional state transitions in intensively-managed soil ecosystems

Todman, L. C., Fraser, F. C., Corstanje, R., Harris, J. A., Pawlett, M., Ritz, K. and Whitmore, A. P. 2018. Evidence for functional state transitions in intensively-managed soil ecosystems. Scientific Reports. 8 (11522).

The environmental costs and benefits of high-yield farming

Balmford, A., Amano, T., Bartlett, H., Chadwick, D., Collins, A. L., Edwards, D., Field, R., Garnsworthy, P., Green, R., Smith, P., Waters, H., Whitmore, A. P., Broom, D. M., Chara, J., Finch, T., Garnett, E., Gathorne-Hardy, A., Hernandez-Medrano, J., Herrero, M., Hua, F., Latawiec, A., Misselbrook, T. H., Phalan, B., Simmons I. B., Takahashi, T., Vause, J., Ermgassen, E. Z. and Eisner, R. 2018. The environmental costs and benefits of high-yield farming. Nature Sustainability. 1, pp. 477-285.

Impact of two centuries of intensive agriculture on soil carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus cycling in the UK

Muhammed, S. E., Coleman, K., Wu, L., Bell, V. A., Davies, J. A. C., Carnell, E. J., Tomlinson, S. J., Dore, A. J., Dragosits, U., Naden, P. S., Glendining, M. J., Whitmore, A. P. and Tipping, E. 2018. Impact of two centuries of intensive agriculture on soil carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus cycling in the UK. Science of the Total Environment. 634, pp. 1486-1504.

The landscape model: A model for exploring trade-offs between agricultural production and the environment

Coleman, K., Muhammed, S. E., Milne, A. E., Todman, L. C., Dailey, A. G., Glendining, M. J. and Whitmore, A. P. 2017. The landscape model: A model for exploring trade-offs between agricultural production and the environment. Science of the Total Environment. 609 (Supplement C), pp. 1483-1499.

Assessing sampling designs for determining fertilizer practice from yield data

Muhammed, S. E., Marchant, B. P., Webster, R., Whitmore, A. P., Dailey, A. G. and Milne, A. E. 2017. Assessing sampling designs for determining fertilizer practice from yield data. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture. 135, pp. 163-174.

Milled cereal straw accelerates earthworm (Lumbricus terrestris) growth more than selected organic amendments

Sizmur, T., Martin, E., Wagner, K., Parmentier, E., Watts, C. W. and Whitmore, A. P. 2017. Milled cereal straw accelerates earthworm (Lumbricus terrestris) growth more than selected organic amendments. Applied Soil Ecology. 113, pp. 166-177.

Cover cropping with oilseed radish (Raphanus sativus) alone does not enhance deep burrowing earthworm (Lumbricus terrestris) midden counts

Stroud, J. L., Irons, D. E., Watts, C. W., Storkey, J., Morris, N. L., Stobart, R. M., Fielding, H. A. and Whitmore, A. P. 2017. Cover cropping with oilseed radish (Raphanus sativus) alone does not enhance deep burrowing earthworm (Lumbricus terrestris) midden counts. Soil & Tillage Research. 165, pp. 11-15.

Lumbricus terrestris middens are biological and chemical hotspots in a minimum tillage arable ecosystem

Stroud, J. L., Irons, D. E., Carter, J. E., Watts, C. W., Murray, P. J., Norris, S. L. and Whitmore, A. P. 2016. Lumbricus terrestris middens are biological and chemical hotspots in a minimum tillage arable ecosystem. Applied Soil Ecology. 105, pp. 31-35.

Lumbricus terrestris abundance is not enhanced after three years of compost amendments on a reduced tillage wheat cultivation conversion

Stroud, J. L., Irons, D., Watts, C. W. and Whitmore, A. P. 2016. Lumbricus terrestris abundance is not enhanced after three years of compost amendments on a reduced tillage wheat cultivation conversion. Applied Soil Ecology. 98, pp. 282-284.

Distinct respiratory responses of soils to complex organic substrate are governed predominantly by soil architecture and its microbial community

Fraser, F. C., Todman, L. C., Corstanje, R., Deeks, L. K., Harris, J. A., Pawlett, M., Whitmore, A. P. and Ritz, K. 2016. Distinct respiratory responses of soils to complex organic substrate are governed predominantly by soil architecture and its microbial community. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 103, pp. 493-501.

On the origin of carbon dioxide released from rewetted soils

Fraser, F. C., Corstanje, R., Deeks, L. K., Harris, J. A., Pawlett, M., Todman, L. C., Whitmore, A. P. and Ritz, K. 2016. On the origin of carbon dioxide released from rewetted soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 101, pp. 1-5.

150 years of macronutrient change in unfertilized UK ecosystems: Observations vs simulations

Davies, J. A. C., Tipping, E. and Whitmore, A. P. 2016. 150 years of macronutrient change in unfertilized UK ecosystems: Observations vs simulations. Science of the Total Environment. 572 (1), pp. 1485-1495.

Population collapse of Lumbricus terrestris in conventional arable cultivations and response to straw applications

Stroud, J. L., Irons, D. E., Watts, C. W., White, R. P., McGrath, S. P. and Whitmore, A. P. 2016. Population collapse of Lumbricus terrestris in conventional arable cultivations and response to straw applications. Applied Soil Ecology. 108, pp. 72-75.

The unique contribution of Rothamsted to ecological research at large temporal scales

Storkey, J., Macdonald, A. J., Bell, J. R., Clark, I. M., Gregory, A. S., Hawkins, N. J., Hirsch, P. R., Todman, L. C. and Whitmore, A. P. 2016. The unique contribution of Rothamsted to ecological research at large temporal scales. in: Dumbrell, A. J., Kordas, R. L. and Woodward, G. (ed.) Advances in Ecological Research 55: Large-Scale Ecology: Model Systems to Global Perspectives Academic Press, Oxford. pp. 3-42

Defining and quantifying the resilience of responses to disturbance: a conceptual and modelling approach from soil science

Todman, L. C., Fraser, F. C., Corstanje, R., Deeks, L. K., Harris, J. A., Pawlett, M., Ritz, K. and Whitmore, A. P. 2016. Defining and quantifying the resilience of responses to disturbance: a conceptual and modelling approach from soil science. Scientific Reports. 6, p. 28426.

The North Wyke Farm Platform: effect of temperate grassland farming systems on soil moisture contents, runoff and associated water quality dynamics

Orr, R. J., Murray, P. J., Eyles, C. J., Blackwell, M. S. A., Cardenas, L. M., Collins, A. L., Dungait, J. A. J., Goulding, K. W. T., Griffith, B. A., Gurr, S. J., Harris, P., Hawkins, J. M. B., Misselbrook, T. H., Rawlings, C. J., Shepherd, A., Sint, H. M., Takahashi, T., Tozer, K. N., Whitmore, A. P., Wu, L. and Lee, M. R. F. 2016. The North Wyke Farm Platform: effect of temperate grassland farming systems on soil moisture contents, runoff and associated water quality dynamics. European Journal of Soil Science. 67 (4), pp. 374-385.

Long-term management changes in topsoil and subsoil organic carbon and nitrogen dynamics in a temperate agricultural system

Gregory, A. S., Dungait, J. A. J., Watts, C. W., Bol, R., Dixon, E. R., White, R. P. and Whitmore, A. P. 2016. Long-term management changes in topsoil and subsoil organic carbon and nitrogen dynamics in a temperate agricultural system. European Journal of Soil Science. 67 (4), pp. 421-430.

The effect of farmers' decisions on pest control with Bt crops: a billion dollar game of strategy

Milne, A. E., Bell, J. R., Hutchison, W. D., Van Den Bosch, F., Mitchell, P. D., Crowder, D., Parnell, S. and Whitmore, A. P. 2015. The effect of farmers' decisions on pest control with Bt crops: a billion dollar game of strategy. PLoS Computational Biology. 11, p. e1004483.

Nitrous oxide emissions from fertilised UK arable soils: fluxes, emission factors and mitigation

Bell, M. J., Hinton, N., Cloy, J. M., Topp, C. F. E., Rees, R. M., Cardenas, L. M., Scott, T., Webster, C. P., Ashton, R. W., Whitmore, A. P., Williams, J. R., Balshaw, H., Paine, F., Goulding, K. W. T. and Chadwick, D. R. 2015. Nitrous oxide emissions from fertilised UK arable soils: fluxes, emission factors and mitigation. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 212, pp. 134-147.

Modelling the impact of environmental changes on grassland systems with SPACSYS

Wu, L., Whitmore, A. P. and Bellocchi, G. 2015. Modelling the impact of environmental changes on grassland systems with SPACSYS. Proceedings of the MACSUR International Livestock Modelling and Research Colloquium . Cambridge University Press (CUP) Cambridge. doi:10.1017/S2040470014000508

Technologies for increasing carbon storage in soil to mitigate climate change

Whitmore, A. P., Kirk, G. J. D. and Rawlins, B. G. 2015. Technologies for increasing carbon storage in soil to mitigate climate change. Soil Use and Management. 31 (Suppl. 1), pp. 62-71.

Probing the basis of soil resilience

Corstanje, R., Deeks, L. R., Whitmore, A. P., Gregory, A. S. and Ritz, K. 2015. Probing the basis of soil resilience. Soil Use and Management. 31 (Suppl. 1), pp. 72-81.

A review of the impacts of degradation threats on soil properties in the UK

Gregory, A. S., Ritz, K., McGrath, S. P., Quinton, J. N., Goulding, K. W. T., Jones, R. J. A., Harris, J. A., Bol, R., Wallace, P., Pilgrim, E. S. and Whitmore, A. P. 2015. A review of the impacts of degradation threats on soil properties in the UK. Soil Use and Management. 31 (Suppl. 1), pp. 1-15.

Communicating the uncertainty in estimated greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture

Milne, A. E., Glendining, M. J., Lark, R. M., Perryman, S. A. M., Gordon, T. and Whitmore, A. P. 2015. Communicating the uncertainty in estimated greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture. Journal of Environmental Management. 160, pp. 139-153.

Simulation of nitrous oxide emissions at field scale using the SPACSYS model

Wu, L., Rees, R. M., Tarsitano, D., Zhang, X., Jones, S. K. and Whitmore, A. P. 2015. Simulation of nitrous oxide emissions at field scale using the SPACSYS model. Science of the Total Environment. 530-531, pp. 76-86.

The North Wyke Farm Platform, a national capability for research into sustainability of temperate agricultural grassland management: data and modelling opportunities

Harris, P., Griffith, B. A., Shepherd, A., Peukert, S., Hawkins, J. M. B., Elyes, C., Whitmore, A. P., Blackwell, M. S. A., Brazier, R. E., Cardenas, L. M., Wu, L., Dungait, J. A. J., Collins, A. L., Gurr, S. J., Murray, P. J., Goulding, K. W. T. and Orr, R. J. 2014. The North Wyke Farm Platform, a national capability for research into sustainability of temperate agricultural grassland management: data and modelling opportunities. Abstracts Tereno International Conference: from Observation to Prediction in Terrestrial Systems, Bonn, 29 September-2 October 2014 . pp. P2-07

Exploiting yield maps and soil management zones

Milne, A. E., Marchant, B. P., Whitmore, A. P. and Muhammed, S. E. 2014. Exploiting yield maps and soil management zones. National Institute of Agricultural Botany, (NIAB) Cambridge .

Does organic management lead to enhanced soil physical quality?

Papadopoulos, A., Bird, N. R. A., Whitmore, A. P. and Mooney, S. J. 2014. Does organic management lead to enhanced soil physical quality? Geoderma. 213, pp. 435-443.

Nitrous oxide emissions from fertilised UK arable soils: quantification and mitigation

Bell, M., Winning, M., Cloy, J., Rees, B., Cardenas, L. M., Donovan, N., Scott, T., Webster, C. P., Whitmore, A. P., Williams, J., Balshaw, H., Paine, F. and Chadwick, D. R. 2014. Nitrous oxide emissions from fertilised UK arable soils: quantification and mitigation. Cordovil, C. M. d. S. (ed.) Abstracts 18th Nitrogen Workshop, Lisbon, 30 June- 3 July 2014 . pp. 375-376

Analysis of uncertainties in the estimates of nitrous oxide and methane emissions in the UK's greenhouse gas inventory for agriculture

Milne, A. E., Glendining, M. J., Bellamy, P., Misselbrook, T. H., Gilhespy, S. L., Rivas Casado, M., Hulin, A., Van Oijen, M. and Whitmore, A. P. 2014. Analysis of uncertainties in the estimates of nitrous oxide and methane emissions in the UK's greenhouse gas inventory for agriculture. Atmospheric Environment. 82, pp. 94-105.

An assessment of subsoil organic carbon stocks in England and Wales

Gregory, A. S., Kirk, G. J. D., Keay, C. A., Rawlins, B. G., Wallace, P. and Whitmore, A. P. 2014. An assessment of subsoil organic carbon stocks in England and Wales. Soil Use and Management. 30 (1), pp. 10-22.

Using SPACSYS to analyse the interaction between plant and environment in a systems approach

Wu, L. and Whitmore, A. P. 2013. Using SPACSYS to analyse the interaction between plant and environment in a systems approach. Abstracts Workshop on Exploring New Ideas for Trade and Agriculture Model Integration for Assessing the Impacts of Climate Change on Food Security, Haifa, 3-5 March 2013 .

Modelling the path to better soil applied pesticides

Sweeney, P., Travis, K., Whalley, W. R., Whitmore, A. P., Dailey, A. G., Wu, L., Van Beinum, W. and Brown, C. 2013. Modelling the path to better soil applied pesticides. Abstracts Conference on Pesticide Behaviour in Soils, Water and Air, York, 2-4 September 2013 .

What do we need to know to enhance the environmental sustainability of agricultural production? A prioritisation of knowledge needs for the UK food system

Dicks, L. V., Bardgett, R. D., Bell, J., Benton, T. G., Booth, A., Bouwman, J., Brown, C., Bruce, A., Burgess, P. J., Butler, S. J., Crute, I. R., Dixon, F., Drummond, C., Freckleton, R. P., Gill, M., Graham, A., Hails, R. S., Hallett, J., Hart, B., Hillier, J., Holland, J. M., Huxley, J., Ingram, J. S. I., King, V., MacMillan, T., Mcgonigle, D. F., McQuaid, C. F., Nevard, T., Norman, S., Norris, K., Pazderka, C., Poonaji, I., Quinn, C. H., Ramsden, S. J., Sinclair, D., Siriwardena, G. M., Vickery, J. A., Whitmore, A. P., Wolmer, W. and Sutherland, W. J. 2013. What do we need to know to enhance the environmental sustainability of agricultural production? A prioritisation of knowledge needs for the UK food system. Sustainability. 5 (7), pp. 3095-3115.

Modification of the RothC model for simulations of soil organic C dynamics in dryland regions

Farina, R., Coleman, K. and Whitmore, A. P. 2013. Modification of the RothC model for simulations of soil organic C dynamics in dryland regions. Geoderma. 200-201, pp. 18-30.

Nutrient management in support of environmental and agricultural sustainability

Whitmore, A. P., Goulding, K. W. T., Glendining, M. J., Dailey, A. G., Coleman, K. and Powlson, D. S. 2012. Nutrient management in support of environmental and agricultural sustainability. Sustainability. 4 (10), pp. 2513-2524.

Carbon sequestration in soils - has the concept been over-sold?

Powlson, D. S., Whitmore, A. P. and Goulding, K. W. T. 2012. Carbon sequestration in soils - has the concept been over-sold? Abstracts BSSS Annual Meeting: Soil Science and Food Security, Loughborough, 4-5 September 2012 .

Root respiration of barley in a semiarid Mediterranean agroecosystem: field and modelling approaches

Morell, F. J., Whitmore, A. P., Alvaro-Fuentes, J., Lampurlanes, J. and Cantero-Martinez, C. 2012. Root respiration of barley in a semiarid Mediterranean agroecosystem: field and modelling approaches. Plant and Soil. 351, pp. 135-147.

Spatially explicit modelling of changes in soil organic C in agricultural soils in Italy, 2001-2010: potential for compost amendment

Mondini, C., Coleman, K. and Whitmore, A. P. 2012. Spatially explicit modelling of changes in soil organic C in agricultural soils in Italy, 2001-2010: potential for compost amendment. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 153, pp. 24-32.

Commentary: Developing sustainable farming systems by valuing ecosystem services

Goulding, K. W. T. and Whitmore, A. P. 2012. Commentary: Developing sustainable farming systems by valuing ecosystem services. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability. 10, pp. 5-7.

Changes in soil organic carbon and climate change - Application of the RothC model in agro-silvo-pastoral Mediterranean systems

Francaviglia, R., Coleman, K., Whitmore, A. P., Doro, L., Urracci, G., Rubino, M. and Ledda, L. 2012. Changes in soil organic carbon and climate change - Application of the RothC model in agro-silvo-pastoral Mediterranean systems. Agricultural Systems. 112, pp. 48-54.

Advances in the understanding of nutrient dynamics and management in UK agriculture

Dungait, J. A. J., Cardenas, L. M., Blackwell, M. S. A., Wu, L., Withers, P. J. A., Chadwick, D. R., Bol, R., Murray, P. J., Macdonald, A. J., Whitmore, A. P. and Goulding, K. W. T. 2012. Advances in the understanding of nutrient dynamics and management in UK agriculture. Science of the Total Environment. 434 (15 September), pp. 39-50.

The effect of agricultural land use on the nature and dynamics of subsoil

Gregory, A. S., Dungait, J. A. J., Dixon, E. R., Bol, R. and Whitmore, A. P. 2012. The effect of agricultural land use on the nature and dynamics of subsoil. Abstracts 4th International Congress Eurosoil, Bari, 2-6 July 2012 . pp. 387

Soil organic matter turnover is governed by accessibility not recalcitrance

Dungait, J. A. J., Hopkins, D. W., Gregory, A. S. and Whitmore, A. P. 2012. Soil organic matter turnover is governed by accessibility not recalcitrance. Global Change Biology. 18 (6), pp. 1781-1796.

Shortcomings in wheat yield predictions

Semenov, M. A., Mitchell, R. A. C., Whitmore, A. P., Hawkesford, M. J., Parry, M. A. J. and Shewry, P. R. 2012. Shortcomings in wheat yield predictions. Nature Climate Change. 2, pp. 380-382.

An assessment of a new model of dynamic fragmentation of soil with test data

Gregory, A. S., Bird, N. R. A., Watts, C. W. and Whitmore, A. P. 2012. An assessment of a new model of dynamic fragmentation of soil with test data. Soil & Tillage Research. 120, pp. 61-68.

The potential to increase soil carbon stocks through reduced tillage or organic material additions in England and Wales: a case study

Powlson, D. S., Bhogal, A., Chambers, B. J., Coleman, K., Macdonald, A. J., Goulding, K. W. T. and Whitmore, A. P. 2012. The potential to increase soil carbon stocks through reduced tillage or organic material additions in England and Wales: a case study. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 146, pp. 23-33.

A comparison of soil and water properties in organic and conventional farming systems in England

Hathaway-Jenkins, L. J., Sakrabani, R., Pearce, B., Whitmore, A. P. and Godwin, R. J. 2011. A comparison of soil and water properties in organic and conventional farming systems in England. Soil Use and Management. 27 (2), pp. 133-142.

Review of the evidence base for the status and change of soil carbon below 15cm from the soil surface in England and Wales (Report on Sub-project 3 of DEFRA Project SP1106)

Gregory, A. S., Whitmore, A. P., Kirk, G. J. D., Rawlins, B. G., Ritz, K. and Wallace, P. 2011. Review of the evidence base for the status and change of soil carbon below 15cm from the soil surface in England and Wales (Report on Sub-project 3 of DEFRA Project SP1106). Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA).

Soil management in relation to sustainable agriculture and ecosystem services

Powlson, D. S., Gregory, P. J., Whalley, W. R., Quinton, J. N., Hopkins, D. W., Whitmore, A. P., Hirsch, P. R. and Goulding, K. W. T. 2011. Soil management in relation to sustainable agriculture and ecosystem services. Food Policy. 36, pp. S72-S87.

Soil organic matters

Powlson, D. S., Brookes, P. C., Whitmore, A. P., Goulding, K. W. T. and Hopkins, D. W. 2011. Soil organic matters. European Journal of Soil Science. 62 (1), pp. 1-4.

Estimating soil strength in the rooting zone of wheat

Whitmore, A. P., Whalley, W. R., Bird, N. R. A., Watts, C. W. and Gregory, A. S. 2011. Estimating soil strength in the rooting zone of wheat. Plant and Soil. 339, pp. 363-375.

Implications for soil properties of removing cereal straw: results from long-term studies

Powlson, D. S., Glendining, M. J., Coleman, K. and Whitmore, A. P. 2011. Implications for soil properties of removing cereal straw: results from long-term studies. Agronomy Journal. 103, pp. 279-287.

Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change: a critical re-examination to identify the true and the false

Powlson, D. S., Whitmore, A. P. and Goulding, K. W. T. 2011. Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change: a critical re-examination to identify the true and the false. European Journal of Soil Science. 62 (1), pp. 42-55.

Pedotransfer functions for estimating total soil nitrogen up to the global scale

Glendining, M. J., Dailey, A. G., Powlson, D. S., Richter, G. M., Catt, J. A. and Whitmore, A. P. 2011. Pedotransfer functions for estimating total soil nitrogen up to the global scale. European Journal of Soil Science. 62 (1), pp. 13-22.

Effects of recent and accumulated livestock manure carbon additions on soil fertility and quality

Bhogal, A., Nicholson, F. A., Young, I., Sturrock, C., Whitmore, A. P. and Chambers, B. J. 2011. Effects of recent and accumulated livestock manure carbon additions on soil fertility and quality. European Journal of Soil Science. 62 (1), pp. 174-181.

Estimating changes in Scottish soil carbon stocks using ECOSSE. II. Application

Smith, J., Gottschalk, P., Bellarby, J., Chapman, S., Lilly, A., Towers, W., Bell, J., Coleman, K., Nayak, D., Richards, M., Hillier, J., Flynn, H., Wattenbach, M., Aitkenhead, M., Yeluripati, J., Farmer, J., Milne, R., Thomson, A., Evans, C., Whitmore, A. P., Falloon, P. and Smith, P. 2010. Estimating changes in Scottish soil carbon stocks using ECOSSE. II. Application. Climate Research. 45, pp. 193-205.

Estimating changes in Scottish soil carbon stocks using ECOSSE. I. Model description and uncertainties

Smith, J., Gottschalk, P., Bellarby, J., Chapman, S., Lilly, A., Towers, W., Bell, J., Coleman, K., Nayak, D., Richards, M., Hillier, J., Flynn, H., Wattenbach, M., Aitkenhead, M., Yeluripati, J., Farmer, J., Milne, R., Thomson, A., Evans, C., Whitmore, A. P., Falloon, P. and Smith, P. 2010. Estimating changes in Scottish soil carbon stocks using ECOSSE. I. Model description and uncertainties. Climate Research. 45, pp. 179-192.

Soil carbon sequestration for mitigating climate change: distinguishing the genuine from the imaginary

Powlson, D. S., Whitmore, A. P. and Goulding, K. W. T. 2010. Soil carbon sequestration for mitigating climate change: distinguishing the genuine from the imaginary. in: Hillel, D. and Rosenzweig, C. (ed.) Handbook of climate change and agroecosystems Imperial College Press, London. pp. 393-402

Efficiency of soil N use by arable crops

Macdonald, A. J., Knight, S. M., Glendining, M. J., Whitmore, A. P., Dailey, A. G., Goulding, K. W. T., Sinclair, A. H. and Rees, R. M. 2009. Efficiency of soil N use by arable crops. Abstracts 16th Nitrogen Workshop, Turin, 28 June-1 July 2009 . pp. 233-234

Potential for soil carbon sequestration, but with a full greenhouse gas budget

Goulding, K. W. T., Powlson, D. S. and Whitmore, A. P. 2009. Potential for soil carbon sequestration, but with a full greenhouse gas budget. Currie, L. D. and Lindsay, C. L. (ed.) Nutrient Management in a Rapidly Changing World: Proceedings 22nd Annual Workshop of the Fertilizer and Lime Research Centre Massey University, Palmerston North, 11-12 February 2009. . Fertilizer and Lime Research Centre, Massey University. pp. 7-15

Physical effects of soil drying on roots and crop growth

Whitmore, A. P. and Whalley, W. R. 2009. Physical effects of soil drying on roots and crop growth. Journal of Experimental Botany. 60, pp. 2845-2857.

The effect of long-term soil management on the physical and biological resilience of a range of arable and grassland soils in England

Gregory, A. S., Watts, C. W., Griffiths, B. S., Hallett, P. D., Kuan, H. L. and Whitmore, A. P. 2009. The effect of long-term soil management on the physical and biological resilience of a range of arable and grassland soils in England. Geoderma. 153, pp. 172-185.

Investigating the effects of organic and conventional management on soil aggregate stability using X-ray computed tomography

Papadopoulos, A., Bird, N. R. A., Whitmore, A. P. and Mooney, S. J. 2009. Investigating the effects of organic and conventional management on soil aggregate stability using X-ray computed tomography. European Journal of Soil Science. 60 (3), pp. 360-368.

Combining spatial resolutions in the multiscale analysis of soil pore-size distributions

Papadopoulos, A., Whitmore, A. P., White, R. P., Mooney, S. J. and Bird, N. R. A. 2009. Combining spatial resolutions in the multiscale analysis of soil pore-size distributions. Vadose Zone Journal. 8, pp. 227-232.

Modeling dynamic fragmentation of soil

Bird, N. R. A., Watts, C. W., Tarquis, A. M. and Whitmore, A. P. 2009. Modeling dynamic fragmentation of soil. Vadose Zone Journal. 8, pp. 197-201.

Is it possible to increase the sustainability of arable and ruminant agriculture by reducing inputs?

Glendining, M. J., Dailey, A. G., Williams, A. G., Van Evert, F. K., Goulding, K. W. T. and Whitmore, A. P. 2009. Is it possible to increase the sustainability of arable and ruminant agriculture by reducing inputs? Agricultural Systems. 99, pp. 117-125.

Factors affecting the recovery of available soil nitrogen by cereal and oilseed rape crops

Knight, S. M., Macdonald, A. J., Glendining, M. J., Whitmore, A. P., Dailey, A. G., Goulding, K. W. T., Sinclair, A. H. and Rees, R. M. 2008. Factors affecting the recovery of available soil nitrogen by cereal and oilseed rape crops. Abstracts AAB Conference on Resource Capture by Crops: Integrated Resources, Nottingham, 10-12 September 2008 .

Discussion of: Schroder, J. J., Neeteson, J. J., 2008. Nutrient management regulations in The Netherlands (with Discussion)

Goulding, K. W. T. and Whitmore, A. P. 2008. Discussion of: Schroder, J. J., Neeteson, J. J., 2008. Nutrient management regulations in The Netherlands (with Discussion). Geoderma. 144, pp. 426-428.

Better estimation of soil nitrogen use efficiency by cereals and oilseed rape (HGCA Research Review No. 68)

Knight, S., Macdonald, A. J., Glendining, M. J., Whitmore, A. P., Dailey, A. G., Goulding, K. W. T., Sinclair, A. and Rees, B. 2008. Better estimation of soil nitrogen use efficiency by cereals and oilseed rape (HGCA Research Review No. 68). Home Grown Cereals Authority (HGCA) London.

Multiscale entropy-based analysis of soil transect data

Tarquis, A. M., Bird, N. R. A., Whitmore, A. P., Cartagena, M. C. and Pachepsky, Y. 2008. Multiscale entropy-based analysis of soil transect data. Vadose Zone Journal. 7, pp. 563-569.

Fractal analysis of pore roughness in images of soil using the slit island method

Papadopoulos, A., Bird, N. R. A., Mooney, S. J. and Whitmore, A. P. 2008. Fractal analysis of pore roughness in images of soil using the slit island method. Vadose Zone Journal. 7, pp. 456-460.

Functional resilience of soil microbial communities depends on both soil structure and microbial community composition

Griffiths, B. S., Hallett, P. D., Kuan, H. L., Gregory, A. S., Watts, C. W. and Whitmore, A. P. 2008. Functional resilience of soil microbial communities depends on both soil structure and microbial community composition. Biology and Fertility of Soils. 44, pp. 745-754.

The effect of soil strength on yield of wheat

Whalley, W. R., Watts, C. W., Gregory, A. S., Mooney, S. J., Clark, L. J. and Whitmore, A. P. 2008. The effect of soil strength on yield of wheat. Plant and Soil. 306, pp. 237-247.

Carbon sequestration in European soils through straw incorporation: limitations and alternatives

Powlson, D. S., Riche, A. B., Coleman, K., Glendining, M. J. and Whitmore, A. P. 2008. Carbon sequestration in European soils through straw incorporation: limitations and alternatives. Waste Management. 28, pp. 741-746.

Optimizing nutrient management for farm systems

Goulding, K. W. T., Jarvis, S. and Whitmore, A. P. 2008. Optimizing nutrient management for farm systems. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences. 363, pp. 667-680.

Physical resilience of soil to field compaction and the interactions with plant growth and microbial community structure

Gregory, A. S., Watts, C. W., Whalley, W. R., Kuan, H. L., Griffiths, B. S., Hallett, P. D. and Whitmore, A. P. 2007. Physical resilience of soil to field compaction and the interactions with plant growth and microbial community structure. European Journal of Soil Science. 58 (6), pp. 1221-1232.

Intercropping reduces nitrate leaching from under field crops without loss of yield: a modelling study

Whitmore, A. P. and Schroder, J. J. 2007. Intercropping reduces nitrate leaching from under field crops without loss of yield: a modelling study. European Journal of Agronomy. 27, pp. 81-88.

The biological and physical stability and resilience of a selection of Scottish soils to stresses

Kuan, H. L., Hallett, P. D., Griffiths, B. S., Gregory, A. S., Watts, C. W. and Whitmore, A. P. 2007. The biological and physical stability and resilience of a selection of Scottish soils to stresses. European Journal of Soil Science. 58 (3), pp. 811-821.

Determination of the mineralization of nitrogen from composted chicken manure as affected by temperature

Whitmore, A. P. 2007. Determination of the mineralization of nitrogen from composted chicken manure as affected by temperature. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. 77, pp. 225-232.

Describing the transformation of organic carbon and nitrogen in soil using the MOTOR system

Whitmore, A. P. 2007. Describing the transformation of organic carbon and nitrogen in soil using the MOTOR system. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture. 55, pp. 71-88.

Prediction of the penetrometer resistance of soils with models with few parameters

Whalley, W. R., To, J., Kay, B. D. and Whitmore, A. P. 2007. Prediction of the penetrometer resistance of soils with models with few parameters. Geoderma. 137, pp. 370-377.

The role of clay, organic carbon and long-term management on mouldboard plough draught measured on the Broadbalk wheat experiment at Rothamsted

Watts, C. W., Clark, L. J., Poulton, P. R., Powlson, D. S. and Whitmore, A. P. 2006. The role of clay, organic carbon and long-term management on mouldboard plough draught measured on the Broadbalk wheat experiment at Rothamsted. Soil Use and Management. 22 (4), pp. 334-341.

Using a process model and regression kriging to improve predictions of nitrous oxide emissions from soil

Stacey, K. F., Lark, R. M., Whitmore, A. P. and Milne, A. E. 2006. Using a process model and regression kriging to improve predictions of nitrous oxide emissions from soil. Geoderma. 135, pp. 107-117.

How far might medium-term weather forecasts improve nitrogen fertiliser use and benefit arable farming in the England and Wales?

Dailey, A. G., Smith, J. U. and Whitmore, A. P. 2006. How far might medium-term weather forecasts improve nitrogen fertiliser use and benefit arable farming in the England and Wales? Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 117, pp. 22-28.

Calculation of the compression index and precompression stress from soil compression test data

Gregory, A. S., Whalley, W. R., Watts, C. W., Bird, N. R. A., Hallett, P. D. and Whitmore, A. P. 2006. Calculation of the compression index and precompression stress from soil compression test data. Soil & Tillage Research. 89, pp. 45-57.

Weekly weather generation for a nitrogen turnover model

Dailey, A. G., Smith, J. U. and Whitmore, A. P. 2005. Weekly weather generation for a nitrogen turnover model. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. 73, pp. 257-266.

Adverse effects of simulated harvesting of short-rotation willow and poplar coppice on vertical pressures and rut depths

Watts, C. W., Clark, L. J., Chamen, W. C. T. and Whitmore, A. P. 2005. Adverse effects of simulated harvesting of short-rotation willow and poplar coppice on vertical pressures and rut depths. Soil & Tillage Research. 84, pp. 192-199.

Sensing the physical and nutritional status of the root environment in the field: a review of progress and opportunities

Clark, L. J., Gowing, D. J. G., Lark, R. M., Leeds-Harrison, P. B., Miller, A. J., Wells, D. M., Whalley, W. R. and Whitmore, A. P. 2005. Sensing the physical and nutritional status of the root environment in the field: a review of progress and opportunities. The Journal of Agricultural Science. 143, pp. 347-358.

Biological and technical processes that mediate micro-aggregation of clays

Watts, C. W., Whalley, W. R., Brookes, P. C., Devonshire, B. J. and Whitmore, A. P. 2005. Biological and technical processes that mediate micro-aggregation of clays. Soil Science. 170, pp. 573-583.

Climate change and soil functions: consequences of inaction and possible mitigations through land management

Powlson, D. S., Falloon, P., Coleman, K., Cox, P., Gaunt, J. L., Shield, I. F., Riche, A. B. and Whitmore, A. P. 2003. Climate change and soil functions: consequences of inaction and possible mitigations through land management. Abstracts ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting. Changing Sciences for a Changing World: Building a Broader Vision, Denver, 2-6 November 2003 .

Climate change and soil functions: consequences of inaction and possible mitigations through land management

Powlson, D. S., Falloon, P., Coleman, K., Cox, P., Gaunt, J. L., Shield, I. F. and Whitmore, A. P. 2003. Climate change and soil functions: consequences of inaction and possible mitigations through land management. Abstracts ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting. Changing Sciences for a Changing World: Building a Broader Vision, Denver, 2-6 November 2003 .

In situ measurements of erosion shear stress and geotechnical shear strength of the intertidal sediments of the experimental managed realignment scheme at Tollesbury, Essex, UK

Watts, C. W., Tolhurst, T. J., Black, K. S. and Whitmore, A. P. 2003. In situ measurements of erosion shear stress and geotechnical shear strength of the intertidal sediments of the experimental managed realignment scheme at Tollesbury, Essex, UK. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 58, pp. 611-620.

Aggregation of a soil with different cropping histories following the addition of organic materials

Watts, C. W., Whalley, W. R., Longstaff, D. J., White, Robin P., Brookes, P. C. and Whitmore, A. P. 2001. Aggregation of a soil with different cropping histories following the addition of organic materials. Soil Use and Management. 17 (4), pp. 263-268.

Simulating trends in soil organic carbon in long-term experiments using the Verberne/MOTOR model

Whitmore, A. P., Klein-Gunnewiek, H., Crocker, G. J., Klir, J., Korschens, M. and Poulton, P. R. 1997. Simulating trends in soil organic carbon in long-term experiments using the Verberne/MOTOR model. Geoderma. 81, pp. 137-151.

A comparison of the performance of nine soil organic matter models using datasets from seven long-term experiments

Smith, P., Smith, J. U., Powlson, D. S., Mcgill, W. B., Arah, J. R. M., Chertov, O. G., Coleman, K., Franko, U., Frolking, S., Jenkinson, D. S., Jensen, L. S., Kelly, R. H., Klein-Gunnewiek, H., Komarov, A. S., Li, C., Molina, J. A. E., Mueller, T., Parton, W. J., Thornley, J. H. M. and Whitmore, A. P. 1997. A comparison of the performance of nine soil organic matter models using datasets from seven long-term experiments. Geoderma. 81 (1-2), pp. 153-225.

Modelling the fate of nitrogen in crop and soil in the years following application of 15N-labelled fertilizer to winter wheat

Bradbury, N. J., Whitmore, A. P., Hart, P. B. S. and Jenkinson, D. S. 1993. Modelling the fate of nitrogen in crop and soil in the years following application of 15N-labelled fertilizer to winter wheat. The Journal of Agricultural Science. 121, pp. 363-379.

Potential contribution of ploughed grassland to nitrate leaching

Whitmore, A. P., Bradbury, N. J. and Johnson, P. A. 1992. Potential contribution of ploughed grassland to nitrate leaching. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 39, pp. 221-233.

Farming, fertilizers and the nitrate problem

Addiscott, T. M., Whitmore, A. P. and Powlson, D. S. 1991. Farming, fertilizers and the nitrate problem. CABI International, Wallingford, Oxon (CABI).

A model for calculating the nitrogen requirement of cereals

Bradbury, N. J., Whitmore, A. P. and Jenkinson, D. S. 1991. A model for calculating the nitrogen requirement of cereals. Proceedings, 1st Congress of the European Society of Agronomy, Paris, 5-7 December, 1990. pp. Session 2 O 03

Simulation of solute leaching in soils of differing permeabilities

Addiscott, T. M. and Whitmore, A. P. 1991. Simulation of solute leaching in soils of differing permeabilities. Soil Use and Management. 7 (2), pp. 94-102.

A method for assessing the goodness of computer simulation of soil processes

Whitmore, A. P. 1991. A method for assessing the goodness of computer simulation of soil processes. Journal of Soil Science. 42 (2), pp. 289-299.

The Rothamsted soil and crop nitrogen service on Viewdata 1985-1989

Whitmore, A. P., Bland, G. J. and Addiscott, T. M. 1991. The Rothamsted soil and crop nitrogen service on Viewdata 1985-1989. Soil Use and Management. 7 (1), pp. 14-21.

Simulation of nitrogen in soil and winter wheat crops: modelling nitrogen turnover through organic matter

Whitmore, A. P., Coleman, K., Bradbury, N. J. and Addiscott, T. M. 1991. Simulation of nitrogen in soil and winter wheat crops: modelling nitrogen turnover through organic matter. Fertilizer Research. 27, pp. 283-291.

Simulation of nitrogen in soil and winter wheat crops: a management model that makes best use of limited information

Addiscott, T. M., Bailey, N. J., Bland, G. J. and Whitmore, A. P. 1991. Simulation of nitrogen in soil and winter wheat crops: a management model that makes best use of limited information. Fertilizer Research. 27, pp. 305-312.

Simulation of nitrogen in soil and winter wheat crops:modelling nitrogen turnover through organic matter

Whitmore, A. P., Coleman, K., Bradbury, N. J. and Addiscott, T. M. 1991. Simulation of nitrogen in soil and winter wheat crops:modelling nitrogen turnover through organic matter. Fertilizer Research. 27, pp. 283-291.

Simulation of nitrogen in soil and winter wheat crops: a management model that makes the best use of limited information

Addiscott, T. M., Bailey, N. J., Bland, G. J. and Whitmore, A. P. 1991. Simulation of nitrogen in soil and winter wheat crops: a management model that makes the best use of limited information. Fertilizer Research. 27, pp. 305-312.

Computer simulation of nitrogen dynamics in soil.

Whitmore, A. P. 1989. Computer simulation of nitrogen dynamics in soil. AFRC Meeting on Plant and Soil Nitrogen Metabolism, Lancaster, 1989, 24..

A simple function for describing the growth and nitrogen uptake of winter cereals.

Whitmore, A. P. and Addiscott, T. M. 1988. A simple function for describing the growth and nitrogen uptake of winter cereals. Assessment of nitrogen fertilizer requirement. Proceedings 3rd Meeting NW European Study Group for the Assessment of Nitrogen Fertilizer Requirement, Tune, Denmark, 1988. Ed. N. E. Nielsen.. pp. 137-145

Nitrogen models and soil heterogeneity.

Addiscott, T. M. and Whitmore, A. P. 1988. Nitrogen models and soil heterogeneity. Assessment of nitrogen fertilizer requirement. Proceedings 3rd Meeting NW European Study Group for the Assessment of Nitrogen Fertilizer Requirement, Tune, Denmark, 1988. Ed. N. E. Nielsen.. pp. 88-95

A function for describing nitrogen uptake and dry matter production by winter barley crops.

Whitmore, A. P. 1988. A function for describing nitrogen uptake and dry matter production by winter barley crops. Plant and Soil. 111, pp. 53-58.

Computer simulation of the behaviour of nitrogen in soil and crop in the Broadbalk continuous wheat experiment.

Whitmore, A. P. and Parry, L. C. 1988. Computer simulation of the behaviour of nitrogen in soil and crop in the Broadbalk continuous wheat experiment. in: Nitrogen efficiency in agricultural soils . Eds D.S. Jenkinson & K.A. Smith. London : Elsevier pp. 418-432

Nitrogen advice for cereals: present realities and future possibilities

Sylvester-Bradley, R., Addiscott, T. M., Vaidyanathan, L. V., Murray, A. W. A. and Whitmore, A. P. 1987. Nitrogen advice for cereals: present realities and future possibilities. Proceedings of the Fertiliser Society. 263, pp. 1-36.

Applications of computer modelling to predict mineral nitrogen in soil and nitrogen in crops.

Whitmore, A. P. and Addiscott, T. M. 1987. Applications of computer modelling to predict mineral nitrogen in soil and nitrogen in crops. Soil Use and Management. 3 (1), pp. 38-43.

Evaluation of a nitrogen leaching/mineralization model for sugar beet.

Whitmore, A. P., Milford, G. F. J. and Armstrong, M. J. 1987. Evaluation of a nitrogen leaching/mineralization model for sugar beet. Plant and Soil. 101, pp. 61-65.

A function for describing nitrogen uptake, dry matter production and rooting by wheat crops.

Whitmore, A. P. and Addiscott, T. M. 1987. A function for describing nitrogen uptake, dry matter production and rooting by wheat crops. Plant and Soil. 101, pp. 51-60.

Computer simulation of changes in soil mineral nitrogen and crop nitrogen during autumn, winter and spring.

Addiscott, T. M. and Whitmore, A. P. 1987. Computer simulation of changes in soil mineral nitrogen and crop nitrogen during autumn, winter and spring. The Journal of Agricultural Science. 109, pp. 141-157.

Application of simple leaching models in heterogeneous soils.

Addiscott, T. M., Heys, P. J. and Whitmore, A. P. 1986. Application of simple leaching models in heterogeneous soils. Geoderma. 38, pp. 185-194.

Putting nitrogen predictions on the screen. The soil and crop nitrogen viewdata service from Rothamsted and ADAS.

Addiscott, T. M. and Whitmore, A. P. 1986. Putting nitrogen predictions on the screen. The soil and crop nitrogen viewdata service from Rothamsted and ADAS.

Computer simulation of winter leaching losses of nitrate from soils cropped with winter wheat.

Whitmore, A. P. and Addiscott, T. M. 1986. Computer simulation of winter leaching losses of nitrate from soils cropped with winter wheat. Soil Use and Management. 2 (1), pp. 26-30.

Looking to the future

Addiscott, T. M. and Whitmore, A. P. 1986. Looking to the future.

Spatial variation of soil-nitrogen and related factors

Whitmore, A. P., Addiscott, T. M., Webster, R. and Thomas, V. H. 1983. Spatial variation of soil-nitrogen and related factors. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 34 (3), pp. 268-269.

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