Effect of different organic amendments on actual and achievable yields in a cereal-based cropping system

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Albano, X., Whitmore, A. P., Sakrabani, O., Thomas, C. L., Sizmur, T., Ritz, K., Harris, J., Pawlett, M., Watts, C. W. and Haefele, S. M. 2023. Effect of different organic amendments on actual and achievable yields in a cereal-based cropping system. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42729-023-01167-w

AuthorsAlbano, X., Whitmore, A. P., Sakrabani, O., Thomas, C. L., Sizmur, T., Ritz, K., Harris, J., Pawlett, M., Watts, C. W. and Haefele, S. M.
Abstract

Purpose: Soil fertility is at risk in intensive cropping systems when using an exclusive regime of inorganic fertilisers without returning sufficient organic matter to the soil. Our objective was to evaluate the long-term effects of commonly used organic amendments interacting with different rates of inorganic nitrogen fertiliser on crop yields of winter wheat.
Methods: Yield data from winter wheat were collected for five seasons between 2013-19 from a continuous field-trial based at Rothamsted Research, SE England. Organic amendments (anaerobic digestate, compost, farmyard manure and straw at a rate of 0 and 2.5 ton C per hectare) and five rates of inorganic nitrogen fertiliser (NH4NO3 at 0, 80, 150, 190, 220 kg N ha-1) were applied to winter wheat grown in an arable rotation.
Results: At the same inorganic N rate, grain yields for the different organic amendment treatments (excluding the straw treatment) were statistically similar but significantly greater than the unamended control treatment. The nitrogen rate required for optimum yields tended to be lower in plots receiving a combination of organic amendments and mineral fertiliser. Based on the observed and modelled response functions, organic amendments excluding straw increased maximum achievable yields compared to non-amended controls. The size of the effect varied between seasons and amendments (+4.6 to +19.0% of the control yield), increasing the mean maximum achievable yield by 8.8% across four seasons.
Conclusions: We conclude that the application of organic amendments can increase the yield potential in winter wheat substantially over what is achievable with inorganic fertilizer only.

KeywordsOrganic amendments ; Plant nutrition; Winter wheat; Grain yields modelling; Linear plus exponential
Year of Publication2023
JournalJournal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s42729-023-01167-w
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeS2N - Soil to Nutrition - Work package 3 (WP3) - Sustainable intensification - optimisation at multiple scales
Publisher's version
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online27 Feb 2023
Publication process dates
Accepted31 Jan 2023
PublisherSoc Chilena Ciencia Suelo
Springer
ISSN0718-9516

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