A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Milne, A. E., Glendining, M. J., Bellamy, P., Misselbrook, T. H., Gilhespy, S. L., Rivas Casado, M., Hulin, A., Van Oijen, M. and Whitmore, A. P. 2014. Analysis of uncertainties in the estimates of nitrous oxide and methane emissions in the UK's greenhouse gas inventory for agriculture. Atmospheric Environment. 82, pp. 94-105.
|Authors||Milne, A. E., Glendining, M. J., Bellamy, P., Misselbrook, T. H., Gilhespy, S. L., Rivas Casado, M., Hulin, A., Van Oijen, M. and Whitmore, A. P.|
The UK's greenhouse gas inventory for agriculture uses a model based on the IPCC Tier 1 and Tier 2 methods to estimate the emissions of methane and nitrous oxide from agriculture. The inventory calculations are disaggregated at country level (England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland). Before now, no detailed assessment of the uncertainties in the estimates of emissions had been done. We used Monte Carlo simulation to do such an analysis. We collated information on the uncertainties of each of the model inputs. The uncertainties propagate through the model and result in uncertainties in the estimated emissions. Using a sensitivity analysis, we found that in England and Scotland the uncertainty in the emission factor for emissions from N inputs (EF1) affected uncertainty the most, but that in Wales and Northern Ireland, the emission factor for N leaching and runoff (EF5) had greater influence. We showed that if the uncertainty in any one of these emission factors is reduced by 50%, the uncertainty in emissions of nitrous oxide reduces by 10%. The uncertainty in the estimate for the emissions of methane emission factors for enteric fermentation in cows and sheep most affected the uncertainty in methane emissions. When inventories are disaggregated (as that for the UK is) correlation between separate instances of each emission factor will affect the uncertainty in emissions. As more countries move towards inventory models with disaggregation, it is important that the IPCC give firm guidance on this topic.
|Year of Publication||2014|
|Journal citation||82, pp. 94-105|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.10.012|
|Open access||Published as non-open access|
|Funder project or code||Delivering Sustainable Systems (SS) [ISPG]|
|Quantifying Sustainable Systems|
|Online||15 Oct 2013|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||03 Oct 2013|
|Copyright license||Publisher copyright|
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