Ammonia loss potential and mitigation options in a wheat-maize rotation system in the North China Plain: A data synthesis and field evaluation

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Sha, Z., Wang, J., Ma, X., Lv, T., Liu, X. and Misselbrook, T. H. 2023. Ammonia loss potential and mitigation options in a wheat-maize rotation system in the North China Plain: A data synthesis and field evaluation. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 352 (15 Aug), p. 108512. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2023.108512

AuthorsSha, Z., Wang, J., Ma, X., Lv, T., Liu, X. and Misselbrook, T. H.
Abstract

The North China Plain (NCP) is an intensive agricultural area and ammonia (NH3) emission hotspot in China. Urgent mitigation actions are needed to reduce its environmental impact. A field trial was conducted, and results combined with a synthesis of existing data to assess the NH3 loss and mitigation potentials in a wheat-maize double-crop rotation, a dominant crop production system in the NCP. Ammonia volatilization losses from N fertilizer applied to summer maize and winter wheat were 9.1% and 5.0%, respectively, based on the data synthesis, and were significantly affected by fertilizer application method and N fertilizer type. From the field trial, optimized reduction in N application rate, compared with conventional practice, had great efficiency for NH3 mitigation. Despite their high NH3 reduction potential, the higher input costs associated with the use of controlled-release fertilizers, replacement of urea with calcium ammonium nitrate or inclusion of double inhibitors (urease and nitrification inhibitors) with urea limited their applicability from an economic perspective. The inclusion of a urease inhibitor with urea achieved over 70% reduction in NH3 emission and also gave a significant improvement in grain yield, net income and N use efficiency. Future adoption of NH3 mitigation options in the NCP should focus on establishing a reduction target and consider the cost-benefits of simultaneous implementation of multiple mitigation techniques.

KeywordsNH3 loss potential; Mitigation options; Urease inhibitor; 15N tracer
Year of Publication2023
JournalAgriculture, Ecosystems & Environment
Journal citation352 (15 Aug), p. 108512
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2023.108512
Open accessPublished as non-open access
FunderBBSRC Newton funding
Funder project or codeUK - China Virtual Joint Centre for Improved Nitrogen Agronomy (CINAG)
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online03 Apr 2023
Publication process dates
Accepted31 Mar 2023
PublisherElsevier Science Bv
ISSN0167-8809

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