The influence of surface and sub-surface application methods for pig slurry on herbage yields and nitrogen recovery

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Rees, Y. J., Pain, B. F., Phillips, V. R. and Misselbrook, T. H. 1993. The influence of surface and sub-surface application methods for pig slurry on herbage yields and nitrogen recovery. Grass and Forage Science. 48 (1), pp. 38-44.

AuthorsRees, Y. J., Pain, B. F., Phillips, V. R. and Misselbrook, T. H.
Abstract

Experiments were conducted on a grassland site at Wrest Park, Silsoe, Bedfordshire between 1987 and 1989, to compare herbage yields from slurry applied by deep and shallow injection, low trajectory and conventional vacuum tanker methods. Slurry application rates for all spreaders were calibrated at 86 +/- 5 t ha-1, an equivalent of c. 200 kg NH4+-N ha-1 applied in autumn or in spring. As expected, herbage yields following spring applications were higher than from autumn applications, with average mineral fertilizer equivalents of 122 and 89 kg N ha-1 respectively. Yields from the conventional and low trajectory spreaders showed no consistent differences. However, in both years, first cut yields from plots were significantly lower (P < 0.05) where slurry had been injected than where surface applications had been used by an average of 0.7 t DM ha-1. Subsequent cuts in 1988, demonstrated higher residual effects from injection so that annual total yields were similar from all slurry applications irrespective of spreader type. Analysis of N content revealed high N levels in herbage from deep injection plots. Mean concentrations of N in the herbage, expressed as a percentage of the dry matter, were 1-43 for surface treatments and 1.79 for deep injection in 1988, and 1.84 for surface treatments, 2.13 for shallow injection and 2-68 for deep injection in 1989.

KeywordsAgronomy
Year of Publication1993
JournalGrass and Forage Science
Journal citation48 (1), pp. 38-44
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1365-2494.1993.tb01834.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code03
Project: 2401036
ISSN01425242
PublisherWiley

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