Surface application and shallow injection of cattle slurry on grassland: nitrogen losses, herbage yields and nitrogen recoveries

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Misselbrook, T. H., Laws, J. A. and Pain, B. F. 1996. Surface application and shallow injection of cattle slurry on grassland: nitrogen losses, herbage yields and nitrogen recoveries. Grass and Forage Science. 51 (3), pp. 270-277.

AuthorsMisselbrook, T. H., Laws, J. A. and Pain, B. F.
Abstract

An experiment was carried out over 2 years on grass and grass/clover swards in SW England to compare herbage yields and N recovery following surface application or shallow injection of cattle slurry at three different times of application. In the second year, losses of N via ammonia volatilization, denitrification and nitrate leaching were measured from applications to the grass sward. On the grass sward, there was no significant effect of time or method of application on dry-matter (DM) yield in the first year, although shallow injection reduced apparent N recovery (ANR) in the herbage by 45% when compared with surface application. In the second year, shallow injection reduced DM yields by 26% and ANR by 48%. On the grass/clover sward, there were no significant effects of time or method of application on DM yields or AWR in either year. Inclusion of dicyandiamide (DCD) in the October slurry applications had no significant effect in the first year, but in the second year on the grass sward increased DM yield by 31% and 14% and ANR by 156% and 42% for shallow injection and surface applications respectively. Measurements in the second year on the grass award showed a reduction in N loss by ammonia volatilization using shallow injection of 40% and 79% for March and June applications respectively. Losses due to denitrification were greatest following October application, Shallow injection increased denitrification losses following March application, but there were no significant differences following October or June applications. N losses due to leaching were small, with no significant difference between treatments. Reasons for the reductions in DM yield and ANR following shallow injection, despite the large reduction in N loss by ammonia volatilization. are discussed.

KeywordsAgronomy
Year of Publication1996
JournalGrass and Forage Science
Journal citation51 (3), pp. 270-277
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/j.1365-2494.1996.tb02062.x
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or code03
59
Project: 2401 039
Project: 2401 411
Project: 2460 4039
Project: WA 0503
ISSN01425242
PublisherWiley

Permalink - https://repository.rothamsted.ac.uk/item/85059/surface-application-and-shallow-injection-of-cattle-slurry-on-grassland-nitrogen-losses-herbage-yields-and-nitrogen-recoveries

32 total views
0 total downloads
0 views this month
0 downloads this month