Input data needed for a risk model for the entry, establishment and spread of a pathogen (Phomopsis vaccinii) of blueberries and cranberries in the EU

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Van Bruggen, A. H. C., West, J. S., Van der Werf, W., Potting, R. P. J., Gardi, C., Koufakis, I., Zelenev, V. V., Narouei-Khandan, H., Schilder, A. and Harmon, P. 2018. Input data needed for a risk model for the entry, establishment and spread of a pathogen (Phomopsis vaccinii) of blueberries and cranberries in the EU. Annals of Applied Biology. 172 (2), pp. 126-147.

AuthorsVan Bruggen, A. H. C., West, J. S., Van der Werf, W., Potting, R. P. J., Gardi, C., Koufakis, I., Zelenev, V. V., Narouei-Khandan, H., Schilder, A. and Harmon, P.
Abstract

International trade in live plant materials has increased worldwide over the last four decades. This has led to a dramatic increase in the introduction, establishment and spread of non-native plant pathogens. Regulatory authorities need advice on measures that may mitigate these adverse consequences of trade. Risk models may be used to underpin such advice. In this review, we give a systematic overview of the data needed for a quantitative risk model for Phomopsis vaccinii, which causes stem and fruit infections on Vaccinium species, and sometimes death, potentially also on native wild Vaccinium species in the EU. P. vaccinii is a quarantine organism worldwide, except for North America, where it is endemic. Despite extensive knowledge of the aetiology of the diseases caused by this pathogen and its taxonomy, quantitative data on transportation and detection of infected plants for planting and berries are scarce, and quantitative assessment of the future introduction, establishment and spread of P. vaccinii is difficult. Estimation of the potential impact of this pathogen in production fields and wild Vaccinium stands is even more difficult. P. vaccinii is not unique in this respect, and this review indicates the need for more and better quantitative data for assessment of the risks posed by newly introduced plant pathogens in areas where they are not endemic.

KeywordsQuantitative pest risk assessment; Pathway analysis; Emerging pathogens; Plant trade; Diaporthe vaccinii; Quarantine organism
Year of Publication2018
JournalAnnals of Applied Biology
Journal citation172 (2), pp. 126-147
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1111/aab.12414
Open accessPublished as non-open access
Funder project or codePathogen surveillance and monitoring
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online19 Feb 2018
Publication process dates
Accepted24 Oct 2017
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Wiley
Copyright licenseCC BY
ISSN0003-4746

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