Response-based selection of barley cultivars and legume species for complementarity: Root morphology and exudation in relation to nutrient source

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Giles, C. D., Brown, L .K., Adu, M. O., Mezeli, M. M., Sandral, G. A., Simpson, R. J., Wendler, R., Shand, C. A., Menezes-Blackburn, D., Darch, T., Stutter, M. I., Lumsdon, D. G., Zhang, H., Blackwell, M. S. A., Wearing, C., Cooper, P., Haygarth, P. M. and George, T. S. 2017. Response-based selection of barley cultivars and legume species for complementarity: Root morphology and exudation in relation to nutrient source. Plant Science. 255, pp. 12-28.

AuthorsGiles, C. D., Brown, L .K., Adu, M. O., Mezeli, M. M., Sandral, G. A., Simpson, R. J., Wendler, R., Shand, C. A., Menezes-Blackburn, D., Darch, T., Stutter, M. I., Lumsdon, D. G., Zhang, H., Blackwell, M. S. A., Wearing, C., Cooper, P., Haygarth, P. M. and George, T. S.
Abstract

Phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) use efficiency may be improved through increased biodiversity in agroecosystems. Phenotypic variation in plants' response to nutrient deficiency may influence positive complementarity in intercropping systems. A multicomponent screening approach was used to assess the influence of P supply and N source on the phenotypic plasticity of nutrient foraging traits in barley (H. vulgare L.) and legume species. Root morphology and exudation were determined in six plant nutrient treatments. A clear divergence in the response of barley and legumes to the nutrient treatments was observed. Root morphology varied most among legumes, whereas exudate citrate and phytase activity were most variable in barley. Changes in root morphology were minimized in plants provided with ammonium in comparison to nitrate but increased under P deficiency. Exudate phytase activity and pH varied with legume species, whereas citrate efflux, specific root length, and root diameter lengths were more variable among barley cultivars. Three legume species and four barley cultivars were identified as the most responsive to P deficiency and the most contrasting of the cultivars and species tested. Phenotypic response to nutrient availability may be a promising approach for the selection of plant combinations for minimal input cropping systems.

KeywordsBarley; Legumes; Plant nutrition; Root morphology; Exudation
Year of Publication2017
JournalPlant Science
Journal citation255, pp. 12-28
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1016/j.plantsci.2016.11.002
Open accessPublished as non-open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeOrganic P utilization in soils (OPUS)
Sustainability
Exploiting root exudation of organic acids and phytases to enhance plant utilisation of soil phosphorus
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online04 Nov 2016
Publication process dates
Accepted09 Nov 2016
PublisherElsevier Ireland Ltd
Copyright licenseCC BY
ISSN0168-9452

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