A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Wen, Z. H., Shen, J. B., Blackwell, M. S. A., Li, H. G., Zhao, B-Q. and Yuan, H-M. 2016. Combined Applications of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizers with Manure Increase Maize Yield and Nutrient Uptake via Stimulating Root Growth in a Long-Term Experiment. Pedosphere. 26 (1), pp. 62-73.
|Authors||Wen, Z. H., Shen, J. B., Blackwell, M. S. A., Li, H. G., Zhao, B-Q. and Yuan, H-M.|
Imbalanced application of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) fertilizers can result in reduced crop yield, low nutrient use efficiency, and high loss of nutrients and soil nitrate nitrogen (NO−3-N) accumulation decreases when N is applied with P and/or manure; however, the effect of applications of N with P and/or manure on root growth and distribution in the soil profile is not fully understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the combined effects of different N and P fertilizer application rates with or without manure on maize (Zea mays L.) yield, N uptake, root growth, apparent N surplus, Olsen-P concentration, and mineral N (Nmin) accumulation in a fluvo-aquic calcareous soil from a long-term (28-year) experiment. The experiment comprised twelve combinations of chemical N and P fertilizers, either with or without chicken manure, as treatments in four replicates. The yield of maize grain was 82% higher, the N uptake 100% higher, and the Nmin accumulation 39% lower in the treatments with combined N and P in comparison to N fertilizer only. The maize root length density in the 30–60 cm layer was three times greater in the treatments with N and P fertilizers than with N fertilizer only. Manure addition increased maize yield by 50% and N uptake by 43%, and reduced Nmin (mostly NO−3-N) accumulation in the soil by 46%. The long-term application of manure and P fertilizer resulted in significant increases in soil Olsen-P concentration when no N fertilizer was applied. Manure application reduced the apparent N surplus for all treatments. These results suggest that combined N and P fertilizer applications could enhance maize grain yield and nutrient uptake via stimulating root growth, leading to reduced accumulation of potentially leachable NO−3 -N in soil, and manure application was a practical way to improve degraded soils in China and the rest of the world.
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Journal citation||26 (1), pp. 62-73|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1016/s1002-0160(15)60023-6|
|Open access||Published as non-open access|
|Funder||Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council|
|Funder project or code||Sustainability|
|Exploiting root exudation of organic acids and phytases to enhance plant utilisation of soil phosphorus|
|Optimisation of nutrients in soil-plant systems: Determining how phosphorus availability is regulated in soils|
|Online||17 Dec 2015|
|Copyright license||Publisher copyright|
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