A - Papers appearing in refereed journals
Bonnett, S. A. F., Blackwell, M. S. A., Leah, R., Cook, V., O'connor, M. and Maltby, E. 2013. Temperature response of denitrification rate and greenhouse gas production in agricultural river marginal wetland soils. Geobiology. 11 (3), pp. 252-267.
|Authors||Bonnett, S. A. F., Blackwell, M. S. A., Leah, R., Cook, V., O'connor, M. and Maltby, E.|
Soils are predicted to exhibit significant feedback to global warming via the temperature response of greenhouse gas (GHG) production. However, the temperature response of hydromorphic wetland soils is complicated by confounding factors such as oxygen (O2), nitrate (NO3) and soil carbon (C). We examined the effect of a temperature gradient (225 degrees C) on denitrification rates and net nitrous oxide (N2O), methane (CH4) production and heterotrophic respiration in mineral (Eutric cambisol and Fluvisol) and organic (Histosol) soil types in a river marginal landscape of the Tamar catchment, Devon, UK, under non-flooded and flooded with enriched NO3 conditions. It was hypothesized that the temperature response is dependent on interactions with NO3-enriched flooding, and the physicochemical conditions of these soil types. Denitrification rate (mean, 746 +/- 97.3gm2h1), net N2O production (mean, 180 +/- 26.6gm2h1) and net CH4 production (mean, 1065 +/- 183gm2h1) were highest in the organic Histosol, with higher organic matter, ammonium and moisture, and lower NO3 concentrations. Heterotrophic respiration (mean, 127 +/- 4.6mgm2h1) was not significantly different between soil types and dominated total GHG (CO2eq) production in all soil types. Generally, the temperature responses of denitrification rate and net N2O production were exponential, whilst net CH4 production was unresponsive, possibly due to substrate limitation, and heterotrophic respiration was exponential but limited in summer at higher temperatures. Flooding with NO3 increased denitrification rate, net N2O production and heterotrophic respiration, but a reduction in net CH4 production suggests inhibition of methanogenesis by NO3 or N2O produced from denitrification. Implications for management and policy are that warming and flood events may promote microbial interactions in soil between distinct microbial communities and increase denitrification of excess NO3 with N2O production contributing to no more than 50% of increases in total GHG production.
|Keywords||Biology; Environmental Sciences; Geosciences|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Journal citation||11 (3), pp. 252-267|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||doi:10.1111/gbi.12032|
|Open access||Published as non-open access|
|Funder||European Union - EU|
|Funder project or code||Delivering Sustainable Systems (SS) [ISPG]|
|Processes and mechanisms of the interactions between grasslands and water|
|Copyright license||CC BY|
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