A novel light interception trait of a hybrid rice ideotype indicative of leaf to panicle ratio

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Xiao, F., Li, W., Yang, Z., Cheng, W., Gao, S., Li, G., Ding, Y., Paul, M. J. and Liu, Z. 2021. A novel light interception trait of a hybrid rice ideotype indicative of leaf to panicle ratio. Field Crops Research. 274, p. 108338. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2021.108338

AuthorsXiao, F., Li, W., Yang, Z., Cheng, W., Gao, S., Li, G., Ding, Y., Paul, M. J. and Liu, Z.
Abstract

One of the major challenges facing rice breeding is to produce ideotype or ideal plant architecture (IPA) to improve canopy radiation use efficiency and hence grain yield. The hybrid japonica rice Jiayou Zhongke 6 (JYZK-6) is one of the benchmark cultivars with IPA characteristics, but the physio-ecological foundation of its high yield potential is still imperfectly understood. In this study, two-year field experiments were conducted using four japonica rice cultivars including JYZK-6 with contrasting canopy structures. A dynamic canopy light interception simulating device was constructed to capture canopy images representing the diurnal dynamics of solar angles throughout the grain-filling stage. Subsequently, leaf to panicle ratio (LPR), a newly developed physiological trait indicative of source-sink relations, was exploited to quantify the light distribution pattern within the rice canopy. The LPRs with high spatio-temporal resolution clearly showed the diurnal changes of light interception within the rice canopy. Genotypic differences in diurnal pattern of LPR were detected among
the tested cultivars in both growing seasons, with the amplitude varying with grain-filling stages. Notably, LPR of
the IPA cultivar JYZK-6 and its analogue WYJ-29, had a pattern of a V-shaped graph, peaking at sunrise and sunset while dropping to the lowest at noon during middle and late stages. Morphological measurement showed that the V-shaped pattern was associated with the height difference between flag leaf and panicle, panicle curvature, ratio of leaf area to panicle area, as well as the changing solar angles along with the progression of growth stage. This distinguishing feature of light pattern indicates that within the canopy of IPA cultivars, the leaf receives more light in the morning and afternoon whereas the panicle harvests more light at noon. It is inferred that such novel characteristics may provide the IPA cultivar with advantages of reducing midday suppression over the conventional cultivars, while more work is needed to verify this hypothesis. In summary, findings of this study offer a deeper insight into the physio-ecological processes underpinning radiation use efficiency at canopy level, and hence are valuable for breeding programs for ideotype cultivars.

KeywordsIdeotype; Leaf to panicle ratio; Light interception; Rice breeding; Dynamic canopy light interception simulating device; Hybrid
Year of Publication2021
JournalField Crops Research
Journal citation274, p. 108338
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2021.108338
Open accessPublished as non-open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeDesigning Future Wheat - WP1 - Increased efficiency and sustainability
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online30 Oct 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted24 Oct 2021
PublisherElsevier Science Bv
ISSN0378-4290

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