The Role of Trehalose 6-Phosphate in Crop Yield and Resilience

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Paul, M. J., Gonzalez-Uriarte, A., Griffiths, C. A. and Hassani-Pak, K. 2018. The Role of Trehalose 6-Phosphate in Crop Yield and Resilience. Plant Physiology. 177, pp. 12-23.

AuthorsPaul, M. J., Gonzalez-Uriarte, A., Griffiths, C. A. and Hassani-Pak, K.
Abstract

Significant increases in global food security require
improving crop yields in favorable and poor conditions
alike. However, it is challenging to increase both crop
yield potential and yield resilience simultaneously,
since the mechanisms that determine productivity and
stress tolerance are typically inversely related. Carbon
allocation and use may be amenable to improving
yields in a range of conditions. The interaction between
trehalose 6-phosphate (T6P) and SnRK1 (SNF1-related/
AMPK protein kinases) significantly affects the regulation of carbon allocation and utilization in plants. Targeting T6P appropriately to certain cell types, tissue types, and developmental stages results in an increase in both yield potential and resilience. Increasing T6P levels promotes flux through biosynthetic pathways associated with growth and yield, whereas decreasing T6P levels promotes themobilization of carbon reserves and the movement of carbon associated with stress responses. Genetic modification, gene discovery through quantitative trait locus mapping, and chemical intervention approaches have been used to modify the T6P pathway and improve crop performance under favourable conditions, drought, and flooding in the three main food security crops: wheat (Triticum aestivum), maize (Zea mays), and rice (Oryza sativa). Interestingly, both trehalose phosphate synthase (TPS) and trehalose phosphate phosphatase (TPP) genes are associated with maize domestication.
A phylogenetic comparison of wheat TPS and TPP with eudicots and other cereals shows strong distinctions in wheat in both gene families. This Update highlights recent research examining the potential of the trehalose pathway in crop improvement and highlights
an emerging strategy to increase cereal yields by
targeting T6P in reproductive tissue.

KeywordsTrehalose 6-phosphate; wheat; crop yields; source sink; resilience
Year of Publication2018
JournalPlant Physiology
Journal citation177, pp. 12-23
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1104/pp.17.01634
PubMed ID29592862
PubMed Central ID PMC5933140
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or code[20:20 Wheat] Maximising yield potential of wheat
Designing Future Wheat (DFW) [ISPG]
DFW - Designing Future Wheat - Work package 1 (WP1) - Increased efficiency and sustainability
Increasing wheat drought tolerance and recovery throughout the life cycle through regulation of plant growth mechanisms
Trehalose signalling: understanding and exploiting an emerging small molecule carbohydrate paradigm
Integration of leaf metabolism and physiology by the trehalose pathway
Publisher's version
Accepted author manuscript
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online02 May 2018
Publication process dates
Accepted19 Mar 2018
PublisherAmerican Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)
Copyright licenseCC BY
ISSN0032-0889

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