A roadmap for gene functional characterisation in crops with large genomes: Lessons from polyploid wheat

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Adamski, N. M., Borril, P., Brinton, J., Harrington​, S. A., Marchal, C., Bentley, A. R., Bovill, W. D., Cattivelli, L., Cockram, J., Contreras-Moreira, B., Ford, B., Ghosh, S., Harwood, W., Hassani-Pak, K., Hayta, S., Hickey, L. T., Kanyuka, K., King, J., Maccaferri, M., Naamati, G., Pozniak, C. J., Ramirez-Gonzalez, R. H., Sansaloni, C., Trevaskis, B., Wingen, L. U., Wulff, B. B. H. and Uauy​, C. 2020. A roadmap for gene functional characterisation in crops with large genomes: Lessons from polyploid wheat. eLife. 9, p. e55646.

AuthorsAdamski, N. M., Borril, P., Brinton, J., Harrington​, S. A., Marchal, C., Bentley, A. R., Bovill, W. D., Cattivelli, L., Cockram, J., Contreras-Moreira, B., Ford, B., Ghosh, S., Harwood, W., Hassani-Pak, K., Hayta, S., Hickey, L. T., Kanyuka, K., King, J., Maccaferri, M., Naamati, G., Pozniak, C. J., Ramirez-Gonzalez, R. H., Sansaloni, C., Trevaskis, B., Wingen, L. U., Wulff, B. B. H. and Uauy​, C.
Abstract

Understanding the function of genes within staple crops will accelerate crop improvement by allowing targeted breeding approaches. Despite their importance, a lack of genomic information and resources has hindered the functional characterisation of major crop genes. The recent release of high-quality reference sequences for these crops underpins a suite of genetic and genomic resources that support basic research and breeding. For wheat, these include gene model annotations, expression atlases and gene networks that provide information about putative function. Sequenced mutant populations, improved transformation protocols and structured natural populations provide rapid methods to study gene function directly. We highlight a case study exemplifying how to integrate these resources. This review provides a helpful guide for plant scientists, especially those expanding into crop research, to capitalise on the discoveries made in Arabidopsis and other plants. This will accelerate the improvement of crops of vital importance for food and nutrition security.

KeywordsWheat; Functional genomics; VIGS; TILLING; KnetMiner
Year of Publication2020
JournaleLife
Journal citation9, p. e55646
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.7554/eLife.55646
Open accessPublished as bronze (free) open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeDesigning Future Wheat (DFW) [ISPG]
Publisher's version
Accepted author manuscript
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online24 Mar 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted12 Mar 2020
PublisherElife Sciences Publications Ltd
ISSN2050-084X

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