A roadmap for gene functional characterisation in wheat

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Adamski, N. M., Borril, P., Brinton, J., Harrington​, S. A., Marchal, C., Bentley, A. R., Bovill, W. D., Cattivelli, L., Cockram, J., Contreras-Moreira, B., Ford, B., Ghosh, S., Harwood, W., Hassani-Pak, K., Hayta, S., Hickey, L. T., Kanyuka, K., King, J., Maccaferri, M., Naamati, G., Pozniak, C. J., Ramirez-Gonzalez, R. H., Sansaloni, C., Trevaskis, B., Wingen, L. U., Wulff, B. B. H. and Uauy​, C. 2019. A roadmap for gene functional characterisation in wheat. PeerJ. 7, p. e26877v2.

AuthorsAdamski, N. M., Borril, P., Brinton, J., Harrington​, S. A., Marchal, C., Bentley, A. R., Bovill, W. D., Cattivelli, L., Cockram, J., Contreras-Moreira, B., Ford, B., Ghosh, S., Harwood, W., Hassani-Pak, K., Hayta, S., Hickey, L. T., Kanyuka, K., King, J., Maccaferri, M., Naamati, G., Pozniak, C. J., Ramirez-Gonzalez, R. H., Sansaloni, C., Trevaskis, B., Wingen, L. U., Wulff, B. B. H. and Uauy​, C.
Abstract

To adapt to the challenges of climate change and the growing world population, it is vital to increase global crop production. Understanding the function of genes within staple crops will accelerate crop improvement by allowing targeted breeding approaches. Despite the importance of wheat, which provides 20 % of the calories consumed by humankind, a lack of genomic information and resources has hindered the functional characterisation of genes in this species. The recent release of a high-quality reference sequence for wheat underpins a suite of genetic and genomic resources that support basic research and breeding. These include accurate gene model annotations, gene expression atlases and gene networks that provide background information about putative gene function. In parallel, sequenced mutation populations, improved transformation protocols and structured natural populations provide rapid methods to study gene function directly. We highlight a case study exemplifying how to integrate these resources to study gene function in wheat and thereby accelerate improvement in this important crop. We hope that this review provides a helpful guide for plant scientists, especially those expanding into wheat research for the first time, to capitalise on the discoveries made in Arabidopsis and other plants. This will accelerate the improvement of wheat, a complex polyploid crop, of vital importance for food and nutrition security.

KeywordsWheat; Functional genomics; VIGS; TILLING; KnetMiner
Year of Publication2019
JournalPeerJ
Journal citation7, p. e26877v2
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.26877v2
Web address (URL)https://peerj.com/preprints/26877/
Open accessPublished as bronze (free) open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeDesigning Future Wheat (DFW) [ISPG]
Publisher's version
Supplemental file
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online18 Dec 2019
ISSN2167-8359
PublisherPeerj Inc

Permalink - https://repository.rothamsted.ac.uk/item/970vy/a-roadmap-for-gene-functional-characterisation-in-wheat

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