How aphids fly: take off, free flight and implications for short and long distance migration

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Bell, J. R. and Shephard, G. 2024. How aphids fly: take off, free flight and implications for short and long distance migration . Agricultural and Forest Entomology. p. afe.12623. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10250516

AuthorsBell, J. R. and Shephard, G.
Abstract

We used a Phantom T4040 camera at 9350-13,000 FPS and at 4.2-Mpx resolution (2560 x 1664) . The aspect ratios varied, but were typically 2048 x 1280 pixels - 2560 x 1664. Videos were captured by the Phantom Camera Control software (PCC) as Cine RAW files and converted to MP4 for analysis and viewing in slow motion. A timer recording behaviour in milliseconds is embedded in MP4 files. Filming at high FPS and in HD requires specialist flicker-free high-speed illumination lighting: we used two GSVitec™ MultiLED MX that each produced 12,000 Lux of white light (24,000 total).

Videos include Drepanosiphum platanoidis (Schrank), the sycamore aphid, that feeds on Acer sp, a monophyletic group of trees ancestral to Asia, but present in Europe for the last 30 million years (Gao et al. 2020). Myzus persicae (Sulzer), the peach-potato aphid, is a medium sized aphid that is extremely polyphagous and is truly a global pest species.

KeywordsDrepanosiphum platanoidis; Myzus persicae; Sycamore aphid; Peach-potato aphid; High-speed photography; Insect flight
Year of Publication2024
JournalAgricultural and Forest Entomology
Journal citationp. afe.12623
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10250516
https://doi.org/10.1111/afe.12623
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeThe Rothamsted Insect Survey - National Capability [2017-2022]
BBSRC National Bioscience Research Infrastructure: Rothamsted Insect Survey
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online19 Apr 2024
Publication process dates
Accepted13 Mar 2024
PublisherWiley
ISSN1461-9555

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