A case report of lameness in two dairy goat herds; a suspected combination of nutritional factors concurrent with treponeme infection

A - Papers appearing in refereed journals

Groenevelt, M., Anzuino, K., Smith, S., Lee, M. R. F. and Grogono-Thomas, R. 2015. A case report of lameness in two dairy goat herds; a suspected combination of nutritional factors concurrent with treponeme infection. BMC Research Notes. 8, p. 791.

AuthorsGroenevelt, M., Anzuino, K., Smith, S., Lee, M. R. F. and Grogono-Thomas, R.
Abstract

Background: Two dairy goat farms with high level of lameness in lactating animals were presented for further
investigation. Farm 1 and Farm 2 presented with 37 and 67 % morbidity, respectively. Both farms had an all year round
indoor system, feeding ad libitum concentrate with forage available at all times.
Case presentation: The lameness was found to be based in the foot. Previous treatments consisting of biweekly
footbathing with zinc sulphate, spraying lesions with oxytetracycline spray and packing lesions with copper crystals
on a single occasion and single injections with long acting oxytetracycline had not been successful. Mild cases had
signs of haemorrhaging in the white line or on the sole of the foot. Moderate cases showed under running of the wall
horn or small areas of exposed sole corium. Severe cases would consist of horn or wall separation with the corium
exposed and infected. In extreme cases only the wall horn of the claw remained, with a large area of necrotic tissue
in the centre and no healthy corium visible. Only one animal was seen to have interdigital lesions. Polymerase chain
reaction (PCR) and culture of swabs taken from exposed corium and the interdigital space were negative for Dichelobacter nodosus but PCR for treponemes were positive in both the adults and the youngstock tested. Due to the high
level of concentrate in the diet of these goats, nutrition was thought to contribute to the problem. Transcutaneous
rumen fluid samples were taken and pH was measured on both farms, with 35 % of the samples below pH value 5.5.
Conclusion: No definite diagnosis could be made. However, the results suggest both treponemes and nutrition play
a role in the aetiology of the lameness. The initial sole or wall horn lesions were thought to be secondarily infected
by treponemes. Further investigation is needed to definitively diagnose the cause and contributing factors for this
lameness

Year of Publication2015
JournalBMC Research Notes
Journal citation8, p. 791
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1186/s13104-015-1734-3
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
FunderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Funder project or codeThe North Wyke Farm Platform [2012-2017]
IDG Bristol University / North Wyke [2012-2017]
Publisher's version
Output statusPublished
ISSN17560500
PublisherBMC

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